(by Mekete Tigray UK, 14 January 2021) –
The historical Debre Damo Monastery is reportedly bombed by Ethiopian and Eritrean forces with heavy artilleries. Dozens of civilians’ causalities, mainly men monks killed or wounded.
This is yet another attack on the historical and religious heritages in Tigray perperated by Eritrean and Ethiopian Forces after they had destroyeded the historic Al Negashi mosque, St. Amanuel church in Wukro and massacred 150 cililians who were sheltering in St Mariam Dengelat in Edaga Hamus. The UN and UNESCO should not ignore the carnage of historical and religious significance of the world, and take measures to stop the killigs of civialians, destruction of historical and regligous heritages in Tigray in the name of “law enforcement operations”. many Civilians were killed trying to protect it.
Debre Damo monastery is situated on an isolated mountain in northern part of Tigray. It is unique compared with most Ethiopian monasteries. Debre Damo was built, in the sixth century AD, with curved wood panels, painted ceilings and walls dedicated to the legend of Saint (Abune) Aregawi. The history of Debre Damo is centred on the “Nine Saints” who came to Ethiopia from Syria to spread Christianity in the Tigray region. One of them was Saint Aregawi who settled on the mountain of Debre Damo. The other eight saints settled around Tigray countryside and all have their own church named after them.
Debre Damo is magnificent in terms of its location and extensive collection of priceless manuscripts that have remained intact until today. It has become a prominent monastic and educational centre for the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. Many books have been written there and distributed to churches throughout Ethiopia.
Debre Damo is only accessible by climbing up by a rope, which is made of “plaited leather”, lowered from the cliffs, which visitors tie around their waist and are then pulled up by a monk at the top of the cliffs. It is only accessible to men and male animals. Women and even female animals are forbidden to set a foot into the monastery and must remain under the cliffs and pray from there.
The feast of Saint (Abune) Aregawi is celebrated on October 14 Ethiopian calendar (October 24 Gregorian calendar) which culminates in a pilgrimage to Debre Damo from all over the country.