Ethiopia 24 hours of mass executions and unspeakable violence in Axum as told by witnesses

Eritrea Ethiopia Tigray

(Source: Sky News, by John Sparks, 27 February 2021) – 

Axum is a historical city – an ancient site of pilgrimage in the Ethiopian region of Tigray.

But a vicious conflict arrived in this community on the morning of 28 November, and it was signalled by the crack of gunfire from the surrounding hills.

These shots would mark the beginning of 24 hours of unspeakable violence and mass executions, according to Amnesty International.

Thousands of people fled to Ethiopia's border with Sudan after violence in Tigray
Sky News has seen evidence of horrific injuries from Ethiopian refugees seeking sanctuary

The human rights group has compiled evidence and testimony from more than 40 witnesses and says the allegations contained within its report may constitute crimes against humanity.

Due to restrictions accessing Tigray, Amnesty said the report was based on interviews conducted with refugees in neighbouring Sudan as well as phone interviews with Axum residents.

Witnesses described house-to-house searches, mass executions and shelling and looting after Ethiopian and Eritrean troops had taken control of the city from Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).

Eritrean soldiers systematically killed “many hundreds” according to the report – targeting civilians trying to flee, and lining up men and boys and shooting them in the back.

Sky News tracked down a number of witnesses including a man called Solomon based in the US. He said he was visiting with his relatives when the massacre began.

“On (28 November) there was a big exchange of gunfire and we didn’t know who was fighting but we thought it was a local militia trying to take the (Ethiopian and Eritrean forces) out of the city.”

Civilians were wounded and killed as they tried to flee the conflict
Civilians were wounded and killed as they tried to flee the conflict

Solomon said the Eritreans launched a brutal campaign of revenge.

He added: “In the afternoon, a division of Eritrean soldiers came into the city and they killed so many people, so many people. There were targeting young people especially and anyone they thought could be a (member of a) militia – so three people from one house, four siblings from one house along with their dad. They were killing them.

“No one was allowed to collect the bodies and see if it was your friend or your brother. You couldn’t do that. They would shoot you.”

“How long were the bodies left on the ground?” I asked.

“I would say two-and-a-half days,” said Solomon.

The Church of St Mary of Zion in the historical city of Axum. Pic: AP
The Church of St Mary of Zion in the historical city of Axum. Pic: AP

Another witness, who called herself Woinshet, told Sky News that bodies were left strewn in the streets of Axum. Wild animals and birds, hyenas and vultures, began to pick at the corpses she said.

“That day was a nightmare day. The birds and the hyenas, oh my god, the hyenas (were) eating Axum (residents’) bodies.”

Solomon recounted a disturbing story about a 65-year-old woman who is related to his wife.

“They knocked on the door, her son opened it and they shot him and then the sister comes and they shot her and (the troops) left the compound. But what they didn’t know was the mother was inside and when she walked out of the dining room she saw two children shot dead in her house. She was left inside for a day and a half because no one could help her. They were afraid. Nobody was going to (leave) their houses. Neighbours heard the shots but they couldn’t check on her – so she was left in her house with her two dead children.”

“Poor woman, she has some mental problems now,” he added.

Ethiopia conflict: What are they fighting about and why?

Ethiopia conflict: What are they fighting about and why?

The Ethiopian government has acknowledged that the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission is investigating “allegations relating to the incidents in the city of Axum” – but in a lengthy statement, it cast doubt of the Amnesty International’s “methodology” and said the report “depended on scanty information gathered from refugees… and phone interview with individuals in Axum”.

A spokesman for Eritrean regime labelled the report “preposterous”.

Twenty million children have gone without essential vaccines due to the pandemic and conflict, such as that in Ethiopia's Tigray region
Twenty million children have gone without essential vaccines due to the pandemic and conflict, such as that in Ethiopia’s Tigray region

Amnesty called on the Ethiopian government to ensure unfettered access to humanitarian organisations and human rights monitors. Tigray has been largely cut off since the conflict began in early November. UN agencies and the organisations like the Red Cross have been unable to reach much of the region will some officials warning of “imminent starvation”.

The president of the International Federation of the Red Cross, Francesco Rocca, told Sky News: “We are still struggling every day to have access to allow our trucks and medicine and additional support they deserve to get in and this is very frustrating, this is something that is the most difficult part (for us).”



1 thought on “Ethiopia 24 hours of mass executions and unspeakable violence in Axum as told by witnesses

  1. nizi kulu tsegem ena rakum higdef shabia eyu tibluna . what is the name of the where these goons live ? did the world know the state by the name PJDF state or Shabia state or Isayas state . Not to be confused with Eretria.

    Eritrea (/ˌɛrɪˈtreɪə, ˌɛrɪˈtriːə/[19] (About this soundlisten)),[20] officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Eastern Africa. And its army is officially called The Eritrean Army, main branch of the Defense Force of the State of Eritrea and is one of the largest armies in Africa.

    Many of you refuse to address this army by its officially recognized name. You are bandatat for me . You chose to implement those names for the pleasure of your friends and soulmates from eritrea.

    You are mocking on poor Tegarus who lost their beloved ones. There are famous figures who rape and kill their victims and war them not to tell about it for the sake of their personal reputation . if these victims reveal about the case they are threatened to lose their family.

    Those bandatadat who performing in a sophisticated and complex way in the Tegarus media like Dedebit Media.

    The funny thing I hear it that Some PJDF member are working to destroy the relation ship between Tegarus and Eritreans .

    It was refering to people like me . Go to hell . I dnot like Tegarus who sympathize with Eritreans in this manner while refusing to address teh issue in its orginal and genuine nature. Call a spade a spade.

    hitsawunti yikitelun yiimetsu alewu , Felesit yidifera yikitelan alewa , gezawutina nibretina yikatsel alo, ayatatina adetatina yirechenan bitimiyet yimota alewa estikatikum nay eritrawuyan shim ketefiii tichineku alekum
    ናይ አሪትራዉያን ሺም ከይጠፍእ ተጨኒኩም ኣያታቲና ኣደታቲና ዪሂረዳ ደኪና ዪኪተሉ ዪኢመጹ ፈለሲቲ ይእመጻ ፥በተክሪስቲያናቲና ዪካጸል ዪፈሪስ አስኩም ሂግደፍ ሻቢያ አዩ አና በልኩም ተላጊጹ ኣለኩም ዮ ኣረ ሾፕስቲኬተድ ባንዳዳት

    እሞኸ ኤርቲራዉያኒን ተጋሩን ንምፍልላይ ይስራህ አሎ ኢልኩም አፍኩም መሊእኩም ትዛረቡ፥ መን ተቃተሉ ኢሉኩም ሰብ አተታልሉ ኢና ንብል ዘለና ንት ዉፁእ ሕዝቢ አይተታልም ብዙሓት አለዉ ንዚ ክሰምዑ ዘይደልዩ The only way you can achive your goal is by military action . we already lost teh right moment to reslove the case through mediation . You think our resources and heritages will be kept in Eritrean museum and you will bing them by mediating with those criminals and gangsters who are known for selling their own people in th desert ?? you must have thought all the likely and unlikely worst scenarios when you make a decision ???
    ezi higdef or shabia tiblwo bitaami yifelaliyena eyu kedem adwa , mekle , shire enabelkum tikefafiluna neyrkum hiji ke kali neger tmtsiuu alekum nirebha sirah kikewun kelo seb adwa tiray eyu nayru besenki tegaru ena nisakey nayrna niamharu nioromon sirah enahabkum betsebkum teasru neyrkum gin kulu ni goyta hibnao

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