Rikicin ƙasa ya sa sabon ƙaura ya barke a Tigray ta Habasha

Eritrea Habasha Tigray

(Source: The Standard, Daga Reuters) - 

Wani mazaunin ƙasar da ake takaddama a kansa a ƙasar Tigrey ta Habasha [Hoto, Daidaitawa]

Motocin ƙura na ci gaba da zuwa, da yawa a rana, katifa, kujeru da kwanduna da aka tara a saman. Sun tsaya a makarantu cikin hanzari sun koma sansanoni, dangi marasa kyau wadanda ke bayanin tserewa daga kungiyar 'yan kabilar Amhara a yankin Tigray na Habasha.

Watanni huɗu bayan da gwamnatin Habasha ta ba da sanarwar galaba a kan 'yan tawayen kungiyar' Yan tawayen ta TPLF (TPLF), dubun-dubatar 'yan kabilar ta Tigraya sun sake korarwa daga gidajensu.

A wannan karon, ba saboda fadan ba ne, amma don sojojin yanki da mayaka daga makwabtan Amhara da ke neman sasanta rikicin fili na tsawon shekaru, a cewar shaidu, ma'aikatan agaji da mambobin sabuwar gwamnatin ta Tigray.

Jami'an Amhara sun ce filayen da ake takaddama kansu, kwatankwacin kusan kwata na Tigrai, an karbe su ne a cikin kusan shekaru talatin da kungiyar ta TPLF ta mamaye gwamnatin tsakiya kafin Firayim Minista Abiy Ahmed ya hau mulki a 2018.

Mai magana da yawun gwamnatin yankin na Amhara, Gizachew Muluneh, ya shaida wa kamfanin dillacin labarai na Reuters cewa "Filin mallakar yankin na Amhara ne."

Ababu Negash, ‘yar shekaru 70, ta ce ta gudu ne daga garin Adebay, wani gari da ke yammacin Tigray, bayan da jami’an Amhara suka kira’ yan Tigrayan zuwa taro a watan Fabrairu.

"Sun ce ku maza ba sa nan," Ababu ya fada wa kamfanin dillancin labarai na Reuters a garin Shire, wani gari mai tazarar kilomita 160 daga gabas, inda da yawa daga yammacin Tigray ke tserewa. "Sun ce idan muka tsaya, za su kashe mu."

Wannan sabon gudun hijirar daga yammacin Tigray na da hadari na kara dagula yanayin halin jin kai a yankin, inda dubban daruruwan mutane suka riga mu gidan gaskiya saboda fada. Har ila yau wasu yankuna a cikin rikice-rikicen tarayyar Habasha suna sa ido kan rikice-rikicen yankin, wasu kuma game da rikicin kan iyakarsu.

Mayaka daga Amhara sun shiga yammacin Tigray ne don nuna goyon baya ga sojojin tarayya bayan da TPLF, jam'iyyar da ke mulki a wancan lokacin ta Tigray, ta kai hari kan sansanonin soja da ke can a watan Nuwamba. Sun ci gaba da kasancewa tun daga lokacin, kuma jami'an Amirkan sun ce sun ƙwace wani yanki daga yankin wanda ya kasance nasu a tarihi.

Jami'an Tigrayan sun ce yankin ya dade yana dauke da kabilun biyu kuma kundin tsarin mulki ne ya tsara iyakokin yankin. Yanzu da fada ya lafa kuma hanyoyi sun sake budewa, sun ce akwai wani hadaka, ba bisa ka'ida ba don fatattakar 'yan Tigrayan.

Kamfanin Dillancin Labarai na Reuters ya yi hira da 'yan Tigrayan 42 wadanda suka bayyana hare-hare, sata da kuma barazanar da' yan bindigar 'yan Amharin suka kai. Guda biyu dauke da tabon da suka ce daga harbi ne.

Shugaban yankin da gwamnatin ta nada Mulu Nega ya fadawa kamfanin dillacin labarai na Reuters a Mekelle babban birnin Tigray cewa, "Yankin na yammacin Tigria yana karkashin ikon 'yan tawayen Amhara ne da dakaru na musamman, kuma suna tilasta wa mutane su bar gidajensu."

Ya zargi Amhara da yin amfani da raunin da Tigray ke da shi zuwa mamayar yankin. "Wadanda ke aikata wannan laifin ya kamata a hukunta su," in ji shi.

Da aka tambaye shi game da rikice-rikicen da tsoratar da mayakan Amurkan suka yi, Yabsira Eshetie, mai kula da yankin da ake takaddama, ta ce babu wanda aka yi wa barazana kuma an kame masu laifi ne kawai.

“Babu wanda ya kore su, babu wanda ya rusa gidajensu ko da. Har gidaje ma suna nan. Za su iya dawowa, ”in ji shi. “Akwai‘ yan sandan tarayya a nan, akwai ‘yan sanda na musamman na Amhara a nan. Ya halatta anan. ”

Kamfanin dillancin labarai na Reuters bai samu damar ganawa da ‘yan sanda na yankin na Amhara ba, kuma‘ yan sanda na tarayya sun mika tambayoyin ga hukumomin yankin.

Gizachew ya ce yanzu haka Amhara na kula da yankin da ake takaddama a kansa, tare da sake tsara makarantu, ‘yan sanda da mayaka, da samar da abinci da wurin kwanciya. An yi maraba da mutanen Tigrayan da suka kasance, in ji shi, ya kara da cewa Amhara ya nemi gwamnatin tarayya da ta yanke hukunci a kan rikicin kuma suna sa ran yanke hukunci a cikin watanni masu zuwa.

Bai amsa buƙatun neman sharhi ba game da zargin tashin hankali da tursasawa da mayaƙan Amhara suka yi ba.

Ofishin Firayim Minista ya tura kamfanin dillancin labarai na Reuters ga hukumomin yankin don amsa tambayoyin game da rikicin fili da kuma gudun hijirar 'yan Tigrayan, wadanda ke da kusan kashi biyar na mutanen Habasha miliyan 110. Babu martani daga rundunar da ke aiki a kan Tigray ko kuma kakakin soja.

A wani jawabi da ya yi wa majalisar a ranar 23 ga Maris, Abiy ya kare sojojin yankin Amxawa saboda rawar da suka taka na goyon bayan gwamnati kan kungiyar ta TPLF. "Bayyana wannan karfi a matsayin ganima da cin nasara ba daidai ba ne," in ji shi.

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi gargadin yiwuwar aikata laifukan yaki a Tigray. Sakataren Harkokin Wajen Amurka Antony Blinken ya ce a wannan watan an yi wasu ayyuka na tsarkake kabilanci.

 

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