Matsayin Kamfanin Jiragen Sama na Habasha a Yakin da ake yi a Yankin Tigray na Habasha

Habasha Tigray


Hukumar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Duniya (IATA)
Montreal, Canada

Aviationungiyar Jirgin Sama ta Duniya (ICAO)
Montreal, Canada

Re: Matsayin Kamfanin Jiragen Sama na Habasha a Yakin da ake yi a Yankin Tigray na Habasha

Ayyukanku,

Mu, Global Society of Tigray Scholars and Professionals (GSTS), muna rubutu don faɗakar da masu kula da zirga -zirgar jiragen sama na ƙasa da ƙasa, bankuna da kamfanonin inshora waɗanda ke kasuwanci da kamfanin jirgin saman Habasha cewa Gwamnatin Habasha tana tura jirgin sama a matsayin makamin yaƙi a yakin kisan kare dangi. a yankin Tigray. Baya ga aiki a matsayin jirgin ruwa na yaki da dokoki da ka'idojin Hukumar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Kasa da Kasa (IATA) da sauran hukumomin yanki da na kasa da kasa da aka sadaukar don aminci da tsaro na zirga -zirgar jiragen sama na kasuwanci, mai dauke da tutar kasar ya kuma amince da amfani da kabilanci. yana yin fa'ida don kafa ayyukan nuna wariya ga mutanen asalin Tigrayan.

Yakin da ake yi a Tigray an yi shi da muggan laifuka, da suka hada da laifukan yaki, laifukan cin zarafin bil adama da ayyukan kisan kare dangi. Gwamnatin Habasha, tare da kawayenta na Eritrea da na Yankin Amhara, sun yi kokari cikin tsari don halakar da Yankin Tigray da mutanenta ta hanyar amfani da makamin da ya shafi tashe-tashen hankula na jinsi da jinsi, yunwa da makami, kisa ba bisa ka’ida ba, kisan gilla ga fararen hula, da gangan da dogon katse ayyukan yau da kullun, da lalata abubuwan more rayuwa na jama'a da kadarorin masu zaman kansu, gami da wuraren tarihi da wuraren ibada.

Tun farkon yakin ranar 4 ga Nuwamba 2020, zarge -zarge da yawa na shigar da kamfanin jirgin saman Habasha cikin kokarin yaƙin Habasha ya bazu. Musamman musamman, bayanan shaidun gani da ido, rahotannin kafofin watsa labarai da kuma shaidar hoto da yawa da aka raba akan kafofin sada zumunta sun nuna cewa mai jigilar kaya yana cikin yaƙin.

GSTS tana sa ido sosai kan duk zarge -zargen da ke kewaye da Gwamnatin Habasha ta yi amfani da kamfanin jirgin samanta na kasa don safarar sojoji da makamai yayin fafatawar da ake yi. Mun yi imanin cewa fifikon shaidu ya zama tilas ne mu faɗakar da membobin ƙasashen duniya da masu gudanar da ayyukan da aka ba su ƙarfi, kuma wajibi ne a tilasta yin bincike mai zaman kansa kan lamarin. Bayanai da ke fitowa sun nuna cewa kamfanin jirgin sama na kasa ya tsunduma a kalla yankuna uku dangane da yakin da ake yi a Tigray.

1. Sufurin Kayan Soja da Ma'aikata

Shaidar da aka yi kwanan nan tare da GSTS ya nuna cewa Jirgin saman Habasha ya yi aƙalla jirage 106 da aka yi hayar jiragen sama zuwa da daga Eritrea (Filin jirgin saman Asmara, da Massawa), yankin Amhara (Bahir Dar, Gondar, Lalibela da Kombolcha filayen saukar jiragen sama), Saudi Arabia, Shanghai ( China), Semera (Yankin Afar), Indiya, Assosa (Yankin Benishangul-Gumuz), SNNPR (Awasa Airport) da sauran birane da ƙasashe tsakanin 6 ga Nuwamba 2020 zuwa 4 ga Agusta 2021. Waɗannan jirage kaɗan ne kawai waɗanda suka haɗa da manyan motocin jigilar kaya jirage masu saukar ungulu da ake kyautata zaton suna jigilar makamai da sauran tallafin kayan aiki zuwa yankin yaki. Wasu misalan waɗannan jiragen da aka yi hayar sune kamar haka:

Yawancin lokutan tashin jirage sun yi daidai da lokutan yaƙin aiki da/ko lokutan manyan runduna da safarar makamai da ke tabbatar da babban aikin da kamfanin jirgin saman Habasha ya yi a cikin yaƙin Tigray wajen ba da tallafin kayan aiki na soji. GSTS tana shirye kuma tana iya raba cikakken jerin irin waɗannan jirage tare da masu bincike a kowane lokaci, idan an buƙata. A cikin hirar da ya yi da gidan talabijin na Walta TV, janar na Habasha, Bacha Debele, ba da saninsa ya yarda game da amfani da jirgin kasuwanci don tarawa da tura makamai da sojoji ba. A lokacin da yake amsa tambaya ko Cargo na farar hula na Habasha yana hidimar kayan aikin soja, ya yi alfahari da cewa “Duk wani ɗan Habasha zai iya kasancewa da tabbaci cewa gwamnatinmu tana da ƙarfi da albarkatu; da kudin kasashen waje kuma idan ya cancanta za su iya amfani da dukkan albarkatun kamfanin jirgin saman Habasha don jigilar kayan aikin soji da sauran dabaru zuwa da daga cikin rana guda. ”1

Wannan shaidar ta tabbatar da hotuna da bidiyo marasa adadi da suka fito a cikin watanni goma da suka gabata, wasu daga cikin membobin rundunar tsaron kasar ta Habasha sun raba su a bainar jama'a, suna nuna ma'aikatan soji da makamai da ake safarar su a cikin Jirgin saman Ethiopian Airlines. Rahotannin daga cikin Eritrea sun kara tabbatar da zargin rawar da kamfanin jiragen saman Habasha ke takawa a yakin da aka yi wanda ya bayyana cewa jirgin dakon kaya na jigilar sojoji zuwa Habasha da Eritrea. Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa sojojin Eritrea ne ke da alhakin wasu munanan laifukan da aka yi wa mutanen Tigray, wanda ya jagoranci gwamnatin Amurka ta kafa Dokar Magnitsky kan Babban Hafsan Sojojin Tsaron Eritrea, Janar Filipos Woldeyohannes. 1https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zcFQ5x3Ed881

Wannan rikodin jiragen saman kasuwanci a cikin yaƙin makamai yana lalata ƙaƙƙarfan buƙatun aminci da sa ido da ake tsammanin daga masu ɗaukar nauyin kasuwanci ta hanyar yin jiragen da ke yawo ƙarƙashin mayaƙan alamun kasuwanci da makasudin hari.

2. Bayyanar Kabilanci, Cin Zarafi da Nuna Bambanci

Dangane da zaluncin da gwamnatin Habasha ke yiwa Tigrayanci na yau da kullun, Kamfanin Jiragen Sama na Habasha ya kasance a bayyane a cikin ayyukansa na nuna wariya ga 'yan ƙabilar-Tigrayan. Kamfanin Jiragen Sama ya kasance yana ba da ƙabilanci kuma ya ware ma'aikatan Tigrayan a kowane matakin aiki, gami da matukan jirgi da na ƙasa da ma'aikatan tallafi na gaba ɗaya. An kori mutane da yawa kuma sun sanya hutun gudanar da aiki mara iyaka cikin kwanaki da fara yakin.2 A yayin da ake ci gaba da ayyuka na nuna wariya, yawancin 'yan Tigrayan da suka yi aiki da kamfanin jirgin sama cikin kyakkyawar niyya sun kasance matalauta kuma suna cikin haɗari na sirri. GSTS ta tattara shaidu daga tsoffin ma’aikatan kamfanin jirgin saman Habasha da aka sanya hutun gudanar da tilas, aka dakatar da su, aka kama su, aka tilasta su tserewa daga kasar saboda tsoron rayuwarsu.

3. Yin katsalandan ga Haƙƙin Ethan Ƙabilar-Tigrayan na Balaguro

Kamfanin jiragen sama na Habasha ya hada kai tare da tallafawa kokarin Gwamnatin Habasha don hana 'yan kabilar Tigrayan yin balaguro zuwa wajen Habasha. An hana 'yan kabilar Tigrawan shiga jirgi a filin jirgin saman Bole na Addis Ababa. Yawancin Tigrayan da suka yi yunƙurin tafiya, cikin nasara da rashin nasara, tare da kamfanin jirgin saman Habasha a cikin watanni goma da suka gabata sun ba da rahoton cin zarafi da cin zarafin ma'aikatan jirgin saman Habasha da jami'an leken asirin a cikin aikin.

Ganin waɗannan manyan laifuffuka na ƙa'idodin aminci ga jiragen kasuwanci da ƙeta haƙƙin ɗan adam ta hanyar cin zarafin ƙabila da cin zarafin ƙananan kabilu, GSTS tana rubutawa ga duk masu kula da ƙasashen duniya da aka ba su umarnin kula da kamfanonin jiragen sama don gudanar da bincike mai zaman kansa cikin gaggawa cikin ayyukan Habasha. Kamfanonin jiragen sama kamar yadda ya shafi rikici a Tigray.

Muna buƙatar musamman ga masu gudanarwa don:

  1. Bincika adadi mai yawa na jiragen da aka yi hayar da ke bayyana iyakar abin
    Kamfanin jiragen saman Habasha yana aiki a matsayin wani bangare na mummunan yakin da yake
    ana yin su ne don halakar da tsirarun kabilu;
  2. Saurara kuma la'akari da shaidar 'yan Tigrayan da suka kasance ƙabila
    bayanin martaba, kora, da hana haƙƙin tafiya;
  3. Measuresauki matakan gyara kan kamfanin jirgin saman Habasha saboda sa hannun sa da
    yana aiki azaman kayan aiki don yaƙin kisan gilla a yankin Tigray. 2https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/12/04/ethiopia-airlines-accused-ethnic-profiling-civil-war-tigray/

Dangane da wannan, muna jayayya da bankunan yanki da na duniya da kamfanonin inshora da ke aiki tare da kamfanin jirgin saman Habasha don ɗaukar matakan da suka dace don magance matsalar rashin aikin yi da haɗarin jirgin sama a cikin yaƙin Tigray.

GSTS ta jaddada cewa yin watsi da laifuffukan gwamnatin Habasha da na kamfanin jiragen sama na Habasha ba kawai zai zama babban rashin adalci da rage aiki ba, dangane da tabbatar da lafiyar fasinjojin farar hula, amma kuma zai sanya mummunan fifiko ga rashin amfani da kamfanonin jiragen sama na kasuwanci. don sauƙaƙe yaƙi a duk faɗin duniya.

GSTS tana ƙin goyon bayanta ga duk ƙoƙarin bincike kuma tana da ikon kuma tana son raba duk shaidu da shaidun da aka ambata a ciki tare da ɓangarorin masu bincike.

CC:

  • Hukumar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Tarayya (FAA, Amurka)
  • Hukumar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Tarayyar Turai (EASA, EU), ko Hukumar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama (UK)
  • Ƙungiyar Star Alliance
  • Transport Canada
  • Kamfanin Boeing
  • Kamfanin Airbus
  • Kamfanin Bombardier Inc.
  • Janar Musa (GE)
  • Kamfanin Rolls Royce (RR) Holdings PLC
  • Bankin Citigroup Inc.
  • KfW IPEX-Bank


iGSTS ita ce 501 (C) da 33/2011 da aka yi wa rijista ba bisa ƙa'ida ba, ba don riba ba, da Cibiyar Ilimi ta Duniya mai cin gashin kanta sama da 3,200 Malamai da Kwararrun Tigray da nufin ƙirƙirar tattalin arziƙi da al'umma a cikin Tigray, da ƙari. Yana tsaye ne ga ilimi, fannoni daban -daban da bincike na giciye da haɓaka manufofin siyasa, haɓaka ɗan adam, haɓakawa da haɓaka kimiyya, fasaha, da ƙira, fasaha da canja wurin ilimi, matasa da haɓaka jinsi, ƙaura da ƙaura, da sauran ayyukan ilimi da haɓaka. . Hakanan yana aiki a cikin ba da shawara na ilimi kuma yana haɗin gwiwa tare da masu ruwa da tsaki daban -daban don haɓaka zaman lafiya, kyakkyawan shugabanci, haƙƙin ɗan adam, da ayyukan jin kai.

 

 

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