Rahoton da ba a bayyana ba ya zargi Canada da rufe wa kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai a Habasha da yaki ya daidaita

Habasha

(Source: Watsa Labarai) - 

Kanada ta ƙi yin Allah wadai da laifukan yaƙi a Tigray, inda taimakon "mata" ya samar da dama ga kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai na Kanada

Wani shirin gwamnatin Kanada da ke da'awar gabatar da ka'idojin mata ga sashen hakar ma'adinai na Habasha ya samar da dama ga kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai na Kanada da dama a yankin Tigray da ke fama da tashe-tashen hankula.

Rahoton ya nuna cewa sabbin jarin da kamfanonin hakar ma'adanai na Kanada suka yi a Tigray ya karu yayin da yankin ya shiga cikin babbar matsalar jin kai daga hare -haren soji da gwamnatin Habasha da Eritrea, wadanda Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi. zargi da gangan "'yan Tigrayan da ke fama da yunwa."

A cewar rahoton, wanda mai ba da shawara mai zaman kansa ya rubuta a watan Yuni ga hukumar da gwamnatin Kanada ke tallafawa wanda ke gudanar da aikin sashen hakar ma'adinai a Habasha, tallafin na Kanada ya gaza bin ƙa'idodin nasa na daidaiton jinsi, kare muhalli, da ayyukan kasuwanci masu nauyi.

Hukumar Gudanar da Ayyukan Kanada (CESO) ce ke gudanar da wannan aikin kuma gwamnatin Kanada ce ke kula da ita, wacce ta kashe dala miliyan 12 kan sashen hakar ma'adinai na Habasha tun daga 2016 ta hanyar taimakon ƙasashen duniya da farko gwamnatin Harper ta amince da shi kuma ta ci gaba a ƙarƙashin Trudeau's Liberals.

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi gargadin cewa dubban daruruwan mutane a Tigray suna fuskantar yunwa, kamar yadda sojojin Habasha - wadanda ke samun goyon bayan sojojin Eritrea da mayakan sa -kai daga yankin Amhara na Habasha - suka fyade ga mata da yara, aikata kisan gilla, kone amfanin gona, Da kuma katange agaji ga yankin yayin da suke kai farmakin soji na gefe-gefe kan kungiyar fafutukar neman 'yanci ta Tigray (TPLF). 

Amurka da Tarayyar Turai sun sanya takunkumi kan Habasha, inda EU ta katse taimakon da take baiwa gwamnatin kasar sannan Washington ta sanya takunkumin tafiye -tafiye kan jami'an Habasha.

Amma gwamnatin Kanada ta ki daukar wani mataki, sakin kalamai masu goyan bayafiraministan Habasha.

'Yan Tigrayan a wani sansanin' yan gudun hijira a cikin Mai Tsebri, Tigray, a cikin Nuwamba 2020. Hoto: UNICEF ETHIOPIA

Taimako ya mamaye tare da haɓaka ayyukan hakar ma'adinai na Kanada

Rahoton da aka fallasa, wanda CESO ta ba da umarni daga mai ba da shawara kan daidaito tsakanin mata da mata Sidney Coles, ya soki yadda gwamnatin Kanada ta yi shiru kan laifukan yaki da take hakkin dan adam a Tigray.

Rahoton ya lura cewa "ana iya ganin [Kanada] tana kare hannun jarin tallafin ci gabanta da kuma muradin kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai na Kanada masu lasisi don yin aiki a yankin," in ji rahoton.

Habasha ta kasance mafi girma ko ta biyu mafi girma da ke samun tallafin ci gaban Kanada, wanda ya haɗa da ware dala miliyan 15 don sake fasalin harkar ma'adinai a Habasha ta hanyar Tallafa wa aikin Ma'adanai a Habasha (SUMM).

Waɗannan sauye-sauyen sun ƙirƙiri taswirar bayanai da manufofin gwamnati waɗanda suka haɓaka binciken ma'adinai da bincike a Habasha, tare da zurfafa saka hannun jari na ƙasa da ƙasa a cikin ƙasar, gami da manyan saka hannun jari na kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai na Kanada. 

Dangane da rahoton Coles, abubuwan da aka gano a halin yanzu a Tigray na iya zama dalar Amurka biliyan 4 (USD) a cikin shekaru 20 amma ba tare da sanin fasaha da yanayin kayan fasaha na mallakar Kanada da sauran kamfanoni ba, ba za a iya samun cikakken hakar sa da fitar da shi ba. .

Aƙalla kamfanoni shida waɗanda ke da hedikwata a Kanada a halin yanzu suna da lasisin hakar ma'adinai ko aikace -aikacen lasisi don yin aiki a Tigray. 

Aikace -aikacen lasisin hakar ma'adinai ta kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai na Kanada a duk faɗin Tigray, Habasha. Kwatanci: Karya

Waɗannan kamfanonin na Kanada sun haɗa da Sun Peak Metals, wanda Shugabansa da Babban Jami'insa suka kula da ma'adinan a Eritrea inda kamfanin an zarge shi da yin amfani da aikin bayi, da East Africa Mining, wanda ya kashe dala miliyan 66 a binciken a Afirka tun 2005 kuma ya gano oza miliyan 2.8 na gwal da albarkatun da suka yi daidai da zinare a Tigray.

Rahoton ya ba da haske ga wasu manyan ayyukan hakar ma'adinai, musamman na Shirin Shire da Shirin Girbi, waɗanda ke da babban saka hannun jari daga kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai na Kanada. 

Lissafin lasisin hakar ma'adinai na yanzu yana da dubban murabba'in kilomita na da'awar filaye a duk faɗin Habasha, yawancinsu sun tattara a cikin Tigray.

Rahoton Coles ya ba da haske game da haɓakar hakar ma'adanai na Kanada da saka hannun jari a yankin Tigray, kuma ya yi gargadin cewa "ana iya amfani da tashin hankali na siyasa da ƙabilanci a matsayin murfin ƙasa don ɗaukar cikakken ikon sarrafa albarkatun ma'adinai a can ta hanyar ƙaura da tilastawa. ikon soja. ”

Dangane da Cibiyar Kula da Kaura ta cikin gida, a cikin 2020 a Habasha akwai An samu jimlar sabbin matsugunan 1,692,000 da ke da nasaba da rikici da tashin hankali ... a cikin kasar, galibi sakamakon karuwar tashin hankali a yankin arewacin Tigray.

Yin bita akan lokaci na The Breach ya gano cewa yaƙin watanni da rahotannin cin zarafin ɗan adam a Tigray ya yi daidai da hauhawar ayyukan hakar ma'adinai na Kanada a yankin, da kamfanonin China, Australia, UAE, da Habasha. 

Jamie Kneen daga Mining Watch Canada ya tabbatar da cewa yayin da har yanzu bai sami wata shaida ba game da manyan ayyukan samarwa a Habasha, hasashen ƙananan kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai na Kanada a Habasha ya haɓaka, musamman a ƙarshen shekarar da ta gabata lokacin da Habasha ta shelanta yaƙi da Tigray. 

Kneen ya ce "A cikin wannan lokacin ne aka sami adadi mai yawa na saka hannun jari, kuma aƙalla ayyuka da yawa waɗanda ƙananan kamfanoni da yawa da alama sun shigo," in ji Kneen.

"Kanada ta fi kyau samun lasisi saboda, a wani mataki na sama, da alama suna bin ƙa'idodin gudanar da hakar ma'adinai na duniya," in ji Coles a cikin wata hira da The Breach.

"Wannan aikin da Kanada ke bayarwa na iya nufin kasancewa game da haɓaka ƙwarewa, hazaka, da albarkatun ƙasar da suke aiki a ciki, amma abin da suke shirin haɓakawa shine samun damar Kanada da albarkatun." 

Sun Peak Metals da East Africa Metals ba su mayar da wata bukata daga The Breach don yin sharhi kan ko suna shirin bin lasisin hakar ma'adinai da ke aiki a Tigray a lokacin yakin basasa da kuma ci gaba da rikici.

Kesahent Goytom, 11, a cikin sansanin 'yan gudun hijira a cikin Mai Tsebri, Tigray. Hoto: Nahom Tesfaye

Aikin yana kasa kowane ma'aunin daidaiton jinsi: rahoto

Taimakon da Kanada ke bayarwa ga sashen hakar ma'adanai na Habasha ya kasance jagorar manufofin mata na taimakon mata na ƙasa da ƙasa na Kanada (FIAP), wanda gwamnatin Liberal ta haɓaka a cikin 2018 don haɗa daidaiton jinsi da ƙarfafa mata da 'yan mata cikin taimakon ƙasashen waje. 

Amma rahoton Coles ya yi zargin cewa aikin ya gaza duk wani umarni na daidaita jinsi da aka tsara don kansa.

Coles ya ce "Wannan ba wai kawai yana faruwa ba, yana ji a gare ni kamar ƙarya mai ƙarfin hali wanda ya kashe dala miliyan 12," in ji Coles.

Binciken Coles ya ƙunshi yin nazari kan tashar hakar ma'adinai ta kan layi da hirarraki da masu ruwa da tsaki, gami da jami'an Habasha da ke da hannu a gyare -gyaren ɓangaren ma'adinai.

Ta kuma gudanar da tambayoyi tare da kungiyoyin agaji, da talakawa da kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu wadanda ke mai da hankali kan daidaita jinsi. 

Coles ya ce "Tasirin sashin [hakar ma'adinai] na iya zama tashin hankali ga mata amma duk da haka gwamnatin Habasha tare da CESO ba ta tantance ƙimar al'umma ba," in ji Coles. "Don haka ba za su iya gaya mana cewa sun yi aikin ba saboda kawai ba su yi ba."

“Idan ba ku fara da mata ba, to ba zai yiwu ku kare kan mafi munin abin da zai iya faruwa a cikin alumma ba idan ba a tuntube su ba. Mata sune ginshiƙan taɓawa, mabuɗin komai, kuma idan ba ku yin hulɗa da su kwata-kwata, daga tafiya wannan ƙirar ƙarya ce kawai. ” 

CESO ba ta mayar wa Coles martani ba tun lokacin da ta mika rahoton ta. 

Mai magana da yawun Global Affairs Canada ya gaya wa The Breach cewa sun sami rahotannin ci gaba da cewa "yana nuna aikin SUMM a Habasha yana nuna ci gaba a cikin bayar da ingantattun samfuran gudanarwa don ɓangaren ma'adinai."

"Shirin Tallafi ga Ma'aikatar Ma'adinai (SUMM) ya mai da hankali kan ƙarfafa ƙarfin Ma'aikatar don gudanar da ayyukan hakar ma'adinai na Habasha cikin gaskiya, gaskiya da dorewa."

Amma Coles, wanda kwanan nan ya lashe zaɓen don yin takara a matsayin ɗan takarar Sabuwar Jam'iyyar Democrat a zaɓen tarayya mai zuwa a Toronto, yana tambayar dalilin da ya sa ba a tuntuɓi ƙungiyoyin mata ba don tuntuba kafin ci gaban canjin da ke tallafawa Kanada.

Hoton hoto da aka ɗauka daga tashar hakar ma'adinai ta Habasha yana nuna lasisin aiki da aikace -aikacen lasisi don hakar ma'adinai a duk faɗin ƙasar. Yawancin ayyukan hakar ma'adinai sun fi mayar da hankali ne a yankin arewacin Tigray.

Rahoton yayi gargadin ƙarin ƙaura daga hakar ma'adinai

Gano rahoton Coles yana maimaita wani mummunan rahoton da wasu kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu na Habasha guda biyu da masu bincike daga Cibiyar Kula da Hakkokin Dan Adam ta Duniya na Jami'ar Arewa maso yamma suka buga a baya.

A cewar kungiyoyin kare hakkin bil adama na yankin, yankin da ke kusa da wurin hakar gwal na Lega Dembi mallakar wani hamshakin dan asalin Saudiya dan asalin kasar Habasha a yankin Oromia ya ga mafi yawan wadanda suka kamu da larurar haihuwa a kasar, kuma ruwan sha na cikin gida yana dauke da sinadarin mercury da cyanide.

Tare da tallafin kuɗi daga gwamnatin Kanada, Habasha ta riƙe wani kamfanin tuntuba na Kanada don gudanar da kimanta lafiya da muhalli na ma'adinan a cikin 2018. 

Amma rahoton masu bincike na Arewa maso yamma samu cewa ba a bayyana sakamakon tantancewar ba, kuma ba a raba wa al'ummomin da abin ya shafa ba.

"Babu 'yancin kai dangane da kimanta tasirin muhalli," sun rubuta. "Maimakon haka, wata tawagar masu ba da shawara ta Kanada sun rubuta rahoton tantance muhalli dangane da binciken tebur na takaddun da ke akwai…

Ba a canza komai ba tun daga lokacin, a cewar Coles, wacce ta ce ba ta ga wata shaida ta kuɗi ko ƙoƙari da za a bi don aiwatar da aikin aikin da Kanada ke tallafawa don tabbatar da haɓaka hakar ma'adinai na Habasha a wannan yanki.

“Babu kungiyar SUMM ko ma’aikatar… da ke aiki tare kuma ba su da wani haɗin gwiwar haɗin gwiwa tare da duk wani jagoran mata, talakawa ko ƙungiyoyin al’umma da ke aiki kai tsaye ko a kaikaice a ɓangaren ma’adanai,” in ji rahoton ta.

Rahoton ya yi gargadin cewa al'ummomi ma na fuskantar barazanar yin ƙaura ta hanyar kwace filaye don hanyoyin hakar ma'adinai, sabbin gadajen jirgin ƙasa da layukan wutar lantarki waɗanda dukkansu ke hidimar sashen ma'adinai. 

A cewar mai magana da yawun daga Harkokin Duniya na Kanada, gwamnati "ta himmatu don tallafawa alhakin sarrafa albarkatun ƙasa wanda ya haɗa da girmama muhalli, haƙƙin ɗan adam da al'ummomin da abin ya shafa."

"Yana nuna abin ban mamaki na gwamnatin Kanada don fita da haɓaka saka hannun jari na hakar ma'adinai da ayyukan gudanar da hakar ma'adinai, kamar yadda suke yi a sassa da dama na duniya, sanin abin da suke yi da gaske shine sauƙaƙe rushewar zamantakewa da rushe muhalli," Kneen ya ce.

Awet Weldemichael, farfesa a fannin tarihi da nazarin ci gaban duniya a Jami'ar Sarauniya, ya ce yaƙin neman albarkatun ƙasa na Tigray ya riga ya shiga cikin Kanada, yana mai lura da cewa hakar ma'adinai da hasashe sun bazu a cikin Tigray da Eritrea zuwa tsakiyar 90s.

"Kanada na ɗaya daga cikin manyan ƙasashe masu hakar ma'adinai a duniya," in ji Weldemichael.

Dokoki da ƙa'idodin ƙasa da ƙasa a cikin mulkin ma'adanai 'yan ƙasar Kanada ne ke jagorantar su, tare da kimantawa cewa kamfanonin da ke Kanada sun mallaki kusan 70% na duk abubuwan da ake buƙata na hakar ma'adinai a duk duniya.

"Manyan kamfanonin hakar ma'adinai na duniya sune tushen Kanada, kuma babu makawa hakan ya haifar da duk rikice -rikicen da suka shafi hakar ma'adinai ko amfani da Kanada."

 

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