Tigray Digest N ° 32: Makarantu, noma da yanayin jin kai a Tigray

Tigray

(Daga Farfesa Jan Nyssen, Sashen Tarihin Lissafi na Jiki, Jami'ar Ghent, Belgium) -

Wannan wasiƙar ta zo da ɗan labarai masu daɗi: makarantun firamare da sakandare za su sake buɗewa nan ba da daɗewa ba a Tigray (sashe na 1). Daga gefenmu, mun buga sabon bugun Atlas na Tigray (sashe na 2) kuma mun yi nazarin matsayin amfanin gona a Tigray. Ana sa ran girbi na gaba zai zama “na al'ada” akan kashi 20% -50% na fakitin gona kawai (da sharadin ruwan sama bai tsaya da wuri ba) (sashe na 3)-yanayin yunwa yana da muni kuma muna iya ƙidaya mutumin da ke mutuwa daga yunwa kowane minti biyu (sashe na 4)! Har yanzu babu wata hanyar taimakon jin kai (sashe na 5). A bangaren diflomasiyya mun lura cewa za a sami sabuntawa kan Tigray ga Kwamitin Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya daga Michelle Bachelet a ranar Litinin, da kuma kiran zaman lafiya ta 24 Kungiyoyin fararen hula na Habasha (sashe na 6). Mun ƙare wannan labarin tare da wasu labarai daga duniyar ilimi (sashe na 7), daga kafofin watsa labarai daban -daban (sashe na 8) da wasu ra'ayoyin ra'ayi (sashe na 9).

1. Makarantun da za a sake budewa a Tigray!

Bayan rufe na tsawon shekara guda saboda covid da yaki, makarantun firamare da sakandare na Tigray za su fara azuzuwan a ranar 20 Satumba. Wannan yana ƙarfafawa don taimakawa lafiyar kwakwalwa ta yara da duk iyalai, saboda yana nuna dawowar al'umma mai aiki da al'ada. Kuma a bayyane, wannan ma yana da mahimmanci don ci gaban ilimin yara.

2. Sabuwar bugun Atlas na Tigray

Mun buga sabon bugun “Tigray: Atlas of Humanitarian Situation), tare da ƙarin taswira akan yanayin abinci, akan ruwan sama na 2021 kuma abin takaici, akan kisan gilla. Ana iya saukar da shi anan: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/349824181_Tigray_Atlas_of_the_humanitarian_situation

3. Noma a Tigray

Ganin rashin isasshen isar da agajin abinci ga mutanen da ke fama da yunwa a jihar Tigray, muna fatan girbin 2021 ba zai yi muni ba. Mun gudanar da binciken filin a ranar 20-30 ga Agusta, tare da Jami'ar Mekelle kuma za mu iya kammala cewa yawancin amfanin gona na lokacin yunwa, masara, galibi ba a girma ba, saboda yanayi yana da haɗari a lokacin shuka (Afrilu-Mayu ). Manoma da yawa kuma sun gasa kuma sun ci alkama da sha'ir da aka yi niyyar shuka, musamman yayin da suke buya don yaƙi a tsaunuka. Ana samun karuwar shuka tef, saboda ana iya shuka amfanin gona bayan makonni biyu zuwa uku (tsakiyar zuwa ƙarshen Yuli) kuma zai ci gaba da girma akan danshi da ya rage bayan ruwan sama ya daina. Amma musamman, filayen noma da yawa an bar su a kasa, ko an shuka su da linse; kuma a lokuta da yawa amfanin gona ya tsaya yana kallon ƙasa. Dubi ƙasa sakamakon bincikenmu game da rabon ƙasar tare da nau'ikan amfanin gona daban -daban kuma tare da raguwa a gundumar Kilte Awula'ilo (kusa da Wukro) a cikin shekarar zaman lafiya ta 2019 da shekarar yaƙi 2021 (tare da yanayin ruwan sama iri ɗaya).

Daftarin takarda (binciken haɗin gwiwa ta MU da sassan labarin ƙasa na UGent) ana iya samun damar su anan: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/354385966_August_2021_status_of_cropping_in_the_wider_surroundings_of_Mekelle_Tigray_Ethiopia

4. Kowane minti biyu wani yana mutuwa saboda yunwa a Tigray!

Yawan yaudarar yau da kullun a Tigray saboda yunwa yana da wuya a ƙidaya saboda akwai mutanen da ke fama da yunwa a duk yankin; ba duka ke isa cibiyoyin kiwon lafiya (da kyar suke aiki ba), kuma a asibitoci mutane suna kwance a farfajiya. Yunwa da killacewa suna sa mutane su iya kamuwa da ƙananan cututtuka a sauƙaƙe kuma su mutu daga gare ta. Ya zuwa yanzu an toshe shingen da gwamnatin Habasha ta dorawa Tigray ba, ba ta hanyar diflomasiyya ba kuma ba ta yaƙi ba.

Bayan atlas din mu, akwai kuma cikakken bayani akan shafin yanar gizon OCHA  ETHIOPIA - TIGRAY REGION wanda ake sabuntawa akai-akai-inda aka ba da rahoton cewa mutane 350,000 har zuwa 900,000 na fama da yunwa a cewar IPC, WFP da USAID.

Farfesa Tony Magaña, wanda ya ci gaba da aiki a asibitin Ayder yayin da sojojin Habasha da Eritrea suka mamaye Mekelle, ya rubuta cewa: Kimanta jimlar mutuwar fararen hula na Tigray a rikicin da Habasha

Daga gefen mu, Tim Vanden Bempt ya yi karin bayani kan adadin wadanda ke mutuwa a yunwa a Tigray, bin bayanan daga IPC, a cikin Teburin Excel, wanda ke kaiwa ga mafi kyawun kimantawa masu zuwa:

  • Akalla mutane 425 ke mutuwa a yunwa a kowace rana a Tigray
  • Yawan mace -macen yunwa 1201 A RANA DAYA a Tigray
  • Mafi ƙarancin ƙima ya yi daidai da mutuwar yunwa guda ɗaya a cikin Tigray kowane minti uku kuma babban bala'i na ƙarshe shine mutuwar yunwa kowane minti daya!

A kan wannan batu:

5. Har yanzu babu wata hanyar taimakon jin kai zuwa Tigray

Gwamnatin Tigray ta tabbatar a makon da ya gabata cewa Dakarun Tsaro na Tigray (TDF) sun janye daga Yankin Afar. Don haka, hujjar da Gwamnatin Habasha ta gabatar cewa samun taimakon jin kai ta hanyar Afar ba zai yiwu ba saboda aikin yakin TDF ba shi da inganci - duk da haka ba mu ga karuwar adadin manyan motocin da aka ba da izinin wucewa daga Semera zuwa Mekelle ba.

A matsayin ƙaramin alamar bege, akwai farkon tashar jirgin sama ta EU zuwa Mekelle, kodayake hukumomin Habasha ba su ba da izinin ɗaukar wasu magunguna a cikin jirgin farko ba. ranar 11/9. Kuma a kowane hali, irin waɗannan jirage ba za su iya musanya babba ba noriya na motocin agaji da ake bukata don dakile yunwa!

6. Haƙƙin ɗan adam da zaman lafiya

Babbar Kwamishinar Kare Hakkin Dan Adam ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Michelle Bachelet za ta isar da sabuntawa ga Kwamitin Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a ranar Litinin, 13 ga Satumba 2021 kan halin da ake ciki na hakkin dan adam a yankin Tigray da kuma ci gaban da aka samu a cikin mahallin kwamitin hadin gwiwa na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da Habasha. bincike. Duba cikakken sanarwar da haɗin yanar gizo. Mun riga mun lura cewa masu binciken ba su ziyarci Aksum, Idaga Hamus, Adigrat, Mahbere Dego, Debre Abbay da sauran wurare da munanan abubuwa suka faru.

Kungiyoyin fararen hula 24 na Habasha (CSOs) sun kaddamar da kiran zaman lafiya:

Muna da ninki biyu: na tsawon watanni 8, muddin yaƙin ya kasance a cikin Tigray, waɗannan ƙungiyoyin sa-kai sun yi shiru yayin da duk kisan gilla, da tashin hankalin da ya shafi jinsi ke gudana.

Yanzu, da alama wasu ƙungiyoyi sun canza matsayi: wannan wataƙila wata alama ce cewa yanayin tsakanin jama'a gaba ɗaya a Habasha game da yakin shima yana canzawa.

7. A duniyar ilimi

Wani ɗalibin PhD na Tigrayan a ɗaya daga cikin jami'o'in Habasha, ya mayar da martani kan bayananmu na baya game da ƙabilun da ke faruwa a jami'o'i a yankin Amhara: “Babu irin waɗannan abubuwa a nan a Jami'ar XXX. Wannan bayanin ƙabila yana cikin yankin Amhara kawai. Yanayin Jami'ar XXX inda nake aiki yana da kyau !!! Kun sani, kamar yadda aka toshe Tigray, mai aiki na a Tigray ba zai iya biyan albashina na watanni 6 da suka gabata ba. Amma abokaina da furofesoshi na Oromo suna taimaka mini in tsira. ”

8. A kafofin watsa labarai

9. Ra'ayin yanki

 

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Jan Nyssen Farfesa na Physical Geography Department of Geography Ghent University Belgium
 (0032) 9 264 46 23 http://geoweb.ugent.be/staff/802000198480

 

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