Adawa da Hukuncin Majalisar Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Karban Rahoton Hadin Gwiwar Binciken da Ofishin Babban Kwamishinan Kare Hakkokin Dan Adam da Hukumar Kare Hakkin Dan Adam ta Habasha suka yi.

Eritrea Habasha Bude Haruffa Tigray


HE Ambassador Nazhat S Khan
Shugaban Majalisar Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UN) Geneva

Manya,

1. Global Global of Tigray Scholars and Professionals (GSTS), cibiyar sadarwa ta duniya mai zaman kanta da ba mai cin gashin kanta da ke wakiltar sama da 3200 'yan Tigrayan masana da kwararru a duk faɗin duniya, sun yi kakkausar suka ga shirin Ofishin Babban Kwamishinan' Yancin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. don gabatar da rahoto kan binciken hadin gwiwa da ita da Hukumar Kare Hakkin Bil Adama ta Habasha suka gudanar kan laifukan da aka aikata yayin yakin da ake yi akan Tigray. GSTS ta ki amincewa da duk wani bincike da rahoton da ya shafi Hukumar Kare Hakkin Dan Adam ta Habasha (EHRC).

2. GSTS ta, a cikin rubutattun bayanan da aka gabatar da gabatarwa na baka, a koyaushe tana adawa da duk wani bincike da ya shafi EHRC tun daga farkonta. Maɓalli tsakanin wasiƙun sun haɗa da:

  1. A ranar 18 ga Maris 2021 (Wakilin hukuma GSTS-OC-2021-024), GSTS ta roki Babban Kwamishinan Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, HEMichelle Bachelet, da ta sauya shirin gudanar da bincike na hadin gwiwa. A cikin wannan wasiƙar, GSTS ta nemi a tura kwamitin bincike na Majalisar UNinkin Duniya don gudanar da cikakken bincike mai zaman kansa na laifukan yaƙi, laifukan cin zarafin bil adama da kisan kare dangi da aka aikata a Tigray tun lokacin da yaƙin ya barke a ranar 4 ga Nuwamba 2020.
  2. A ranar 6 ga Afrilu 2021, GSTS ta gabatar da cikakken bincike kan "Me yasa Kwamitin Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Habasha (EHRC) bai kamata ya Shiga cikin Binciken Hadin Kan Laifukan Yaƙi ba, Laifukan da suka shafi Bil'adama, da kuma Kisan Kisa a Tigray?"
  3. A ranar 16 ga Afrilu 2021, (Official Correspondence GSTS-OC-2021-059), GSTS ta sake yin Allah wadai da shawarar gudanar da bincike na hadin gwiwa tare da yin kira da a gudanar da bincike na kasa da kasa mai zaman kansa na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan laifukan yaki da laifukan cin zarafin bil adama da ake aikatawa a Tigray.
  4. A ranar 4 ga Mayu 2021 (Sadarwar Hukuma GSTS-OC-2021-041), GSTS ta nuna damuwar ta tare da rashin nuna gaskiya kan yanke shawara da aikin Ofishin Babban Kwamishinan Kare Hakkokin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (OHCHR). Ya tuno da cikakken binciken OHCHR game da kisan gillar da aka aikata a Tigray daga sati na biyu na Nuwamba 2 zuwa ƙarshen Disamba 2020, gami da yin tambayoyi ga waɗanda abin ya shafa da shaidu na take hakkin ɗan adam iri daban -daban da nauyi a sansanin 'yan gudun hijira a Sudan. GSTS ya kara tuna cewa an mika rahoton ga HE Michelle Bachelet a cikin Janairu 2020. Amma, saboda dalilan da ba a fayyace ba ga wadanda abin ya shafa, shaidu, da sauran jama'a baki daya, har yanzu ba a bayyana sakamakon binciken ba. Wadanda abin ya rutsa da su da shaidu da suka bayar da bayanansu ga Majalisar Dinkin Duniya sun kasance kuma suna jiran fitowar rahoton. GSTS ta yi kira da a saki binciken, wanda har yanzu ba a fitar da shi ba.
  5. A ranar 16 ga Yuli (Sadarwar hukuma GSTS-OC-2021-059), GSTS ta sake yin kira ga Babban Kwamishinan Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da ya sake tunani tare da gyara shawarar da ta yanke na kafa binciken hadin gwiwa tare da neman a kafa sabuwar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya mai zaman kanta da ke tallafawa. jikin da ke gudanar da binciken wanda abin ya shafa da bincike na gaskiya.

3. A takaice, ta hanyar wannan jerin sakonnin da yawan gabatarwar baki, GSTS ta nemi nuna cewa duk wani bincike da ya shafi EHRC ba zai cika sharuddan da aka lissafa a cikin Jagorancin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da Ayyukan Kwamitin Bincike da Gaskiya ba. Manufofi kan Hakkokin Dan Adam na Duniya da Dokar Agaji. GSTS ta gabatar da shaida cewa EHRC ba ta da 'yancin kai, rashin son kai, haƙiƙanin gaskiya, riƙon amana, riƙon amana, ƙwarewar ƙwararru, da iya yin irin wannan binciken.

4. Akwai dalilai a bayyane da yawa da yasa rahoton da aka kafa akan abin da ake kira bincike na haɗin gwiwa ba zai cika waɗannan ƙa'idodi ba. Na farko, gwamnatin Habasha ta yi tasiri da sarrafa EHRC, wanda ke da hannu a cikin munanan ayyuka. Saboda haka, EHRC ba za ta iya zama mai nuna rashin son kai ba saboda tana tallafawa kuma a ƙarƙashin rinjayar gwamnatin Habasha- babban ɗan wasan kwaikwayo kuma babban maginin yaƙin. Na biyu, EHRC ta kasance mai son zuciya, mai zaɓe, da son zuciya a zaɓen abin da za ta bincika da hanyoyin bincike. An yi ta magana game da wasu muggan laifuka da ake zargi, gabaɗaya, waɗanda gwamnatin Habasha ta nemi jawo hankalin su da shigar da ƙabilar Amhara. A wasu lokutan, kamar tare da kame dubun dubatan masu adawa da siyasa (musamman a Oromia), ta zaɓi yin shiru kuma ta yi watsi da cin zarafin da aka yi. Na uku, EHRC ta taka rawar son zuciya da barna da gangan a yakin da ake yi a Tigray, musamman ta hanyar rahotonta na yaudara kan abin da ya shafi kisan Mai-Kadra na Tigrayan. Gwamnatocin Habasha da na Amhara sun yi amfani da wannan rahoton na ƙarya (kuma har yanzu ana ci gaba da amfani da shi) don tallafa wa yaƙin da ake yi a Tigray. A bayyane yake cewa an lalata shaidu a Mai-Kadra, kuma EHRC tana da hannu cikin wannan aikin. Na huɗu, tun lokacin da aka fara yaƙin, EHRC ta ba da wasu rahotannin ɓarna a kan take hakkokin ɗan adam waɗanda ke toshe girman girman da bambancin yanayin ta'asar da aka aikata a Tigray. An aiwatar da wannan ta’asar akan dubun dubatar fararen hula ‘yan kabilar Tigree da jami’an soji da jami’an tsaro na Tigra waɗanda aka daure a jajibirin yaƙin da aka yi da Tigray. Na biyar, hukumar ta EHRC ba ta yi wani kokari ba don gudanar da bincike kan munanan laifukan da aka aikata a Yammacin Tigray - wanda tuni kafafen yada labarai na duniya kamar CNN suka taru suka bayar da rahoton kwararan hujjoji - kuma yanzu haka yana karkashin ikon dakarun Amhara da na Eritrea. . Na shida, kwamishinan da EHRC ta nada a jihar yana kan rikodin rage ta'asar da aka aikata a Tigray. Wannan taƙaitaccen kundin bayanan yana nuna dalilin da ya sa duk wani bincike da ƙungiyar ta EHRC ke ciki ba zai iya zama mai nuna wariya ko sahihanci ba. Tabbas, muna jin cewa yanayin rarrabuwar kawuna na EHRC ya riga ya yi tasiri ga zaɓin wuraren don binciken UN-EHRC na haɗin gwiwa saboda manyan wuraren da ke da rikice-rikice a cikin Tigray, gami da kisan gilla a Axum,Abi Addi,3 Hagere Salam,Kisan Togoga,5 Irob,Adwa,7 dAdigrat,8 Hawzen,9 Gijet,10 Mariya Dengelat,11 kuma wasu ba a saka su cikin binciken ba.

5. Abin takaici, HE Michelle Bachelet, Babban Kwamishinan Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, ya kasa kula da kokarin da muka yi na kawo wannan damuwa ga Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.

6. Dangane da wannan, GSTS tayi kakkausar suka ga wannan mummunar shawara da babban kwamishinan kare hakkin dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya gabatar da rahoton daga binciken hadin gwiwa. GSTS ta sake jaddada cewa shigar EHRC ba ta da amfani tun da farko yayin da wadanda abin ya shafa da shaidu ba sa son shiga cikin binciken da ya shafi EHRC, kungiyar da ke gudana kuma ana daukarta a bainar jama'a a matsayin wani bangare na gwamnatin Habasha, wanda shine Gine -gine kuma babban jarumi a cikin ta'asar da aka aikata akan fararen hula na Tigray.

7. A sakamakon haka, binciken hadin gwiwa tare da EHRC ba shi da wani kwarjini a cikin komai daga al'ummar da abin ya shafa, iyalan wadanda abin ya shafa da wadanda suka tsira. Ganin sa hannun EHRC, ƙungiyar da ke tabbatar da yin biyayya ga gwamnatin Habasha a koyaushe, GSTS ta yi imanin cewa wannan binciken ya gaza cika mafi ƙanƙantar ma'aunin bincike mai zaman kansa.

8. Saboda haka, GSTS ba shi da wani zaɓi face ya ƙi ƙin sakamakon sakamakon abin da ake kira bincike na haɗin gwiwa, kamar yadda iyalan waɗanda abin ya shafa, waɗanda suka tsira da kuma al'ummar Tigrayan suka yi.

9. GSTS ta yi gargaɗi game da gagarumar barnar da binciken haɗin gwiwa ya kawo ga sunan OHCHR musamman da Majalisar UNinkin Duniya baki ɗaya da rashin halaccin duniya da yarda da kowane rahoto da gano irin wannan binciken haɗin gwiwa. A idon wadanda 'yan kabilar Tigrayan suka yi wa munanan take hakkokin dan adam da dokokin jin kai, binciken hadin gwiwa ya zama na banza.

10. GSTS ta sake roƙon Majalisar Rightsancin Humanancin Dan Adam ta Majalisar underinkin Duniya, a ƙarƙashin Jagorancin Mai Martaba, da ta bi ƙa'idodin ta da fifikon kafa kwamitocin bincike masu zaman kansu da na ƙasashen waje ko ayyukan gano gaskiyar duniya waɗanda aka ɗora alhakin bincike da bayar da shawarar matakan gyara dangane da gaskiya da Binciken doka kamar yadda ya kasance a Sudan ta Kudu, Gaza, Siriya, Libya, Sudan (Darfur), Cote d'Ivoire, da Lebanon. Waɗannan bincike masu kyau sun kasance cikakke kuma an yi amfani da su azaman tarihin manyan laifuka na take hakkokin ɗan adam da dokar jin kai ta ƙasa da ƙasa, ba wa waɗanda abin ya shafa adalci, da tabbatar da alhakin shari'a da siyasa na waɗanda ke da alhakin. GSTS ta yi imanin cewa Majalisar UNinkin Duniya ce kaɗai za ta iya cika irin waɗannan ƙa'idodin kuma tana da kayan aikin bincike na laifuka masu girman gaske. GSTS ta yi imanin cewa Habasha za ta yi matukar wahala ta ci gaba da tattaunawa da sulhu ba tare da tabbatar da gaskiyar da gaskiyar abin da ya haifar da taɓarɓarewa daban -daban da take hakkokin ɗan adam da ɗaukar nauyi ba.

11. GSTS na ƙara neman buƙatarka don kawo ƙarshen siyasantar da tsarin haƙƙin ɗan adam na Majalisar withoutinkin Duniya ba tare da ɓata lokaci ba da kuma mutunta buƙatun waɗanda abin ya shafa da sanya waɗanda abin ya shafa a tsakiyar binciken ta hanyar ba da izini ga kwamitin bincike da Majalisar UNinkin Duniya ta umarta da ta gudanar da bincike kan laifukan ta'asa. aikata a Tigray da sauran sassan ƙasar.

GSTS a shirye take ta ba da cikakken hadin kai da irin wannan kwamitin bincike na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.

CC:

  • HE Ambassador Geraldine Byrne Nason Shugaban Kwamitin Tsaro na Satumba
    New York
  • SHI Antonio Guterres
    Babban Sakataren Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UN) New York
  • SHI Michelle Bachelet
    Babban Kwamishinan Kare Hakkin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UN) Geneva
  • Duk Mambobin Kwamitin Sulhu
  • Duk Ofisoshin Dindindin zuwa Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a Geneva

 


iGSTS ita ce 501 (C) da 33/2011 da aka yi wa rijista ba bisa ƙa'ida ba, ba don riba ba, da Cibiyar Ilimi ta Duniya mai cin gashin kanta sama da 3,200 Malamai da Kwararrun Tigray da nufin ƙirƙirar tattalin arziƙi da al'umma a cikin Tigray, da ƙari. Yana tsaye ne ga ilimi, fannoni daban -daban da bincike na giciye da haɓaka manufofin siyasa, haɓaka ɗan adam, haɓakawa da haɓaka kimiyya, fasaha, da ƙira, fasaha da canja wurin ilimi, matasa da haɓaka jinsi, ƙaura da ƙaura, da sauran ayyukan ilimi da haɓaka. . Hakanan yana aiki a cikin ba da shawara na ilimi kuma yana haɗin gwiwa tare da masu ruwa da tsaki daban -daban don haɓaka zaman lafiya, kyakkyawan shugabanci, haƙƙin ɗan adam, da ayyukan jin kai.

 

 

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