Biden ya rattaba hannu kan umurnin zartarwa wanda ke ba da izinin sabbin takunkumin Habasha a yayin rahotannin kisan gilla

Eritrea Habasha Tigray

(Source: CNN, By Hoton Jennifer Hansler, Betsy Klein da kuma Nima Elbagir, An sabunta 1231 GMT (2031 HKT) Satumba 17, 2021) - 

(CNN) Shugaba Joe Biden ya rattaba hannu kan sabuwar dokar zartarwa ranar Juma'a da ke ba da izinin sanya takunkumi mai yawa kan wadanda ke da hannu wajen ci gaba da rikici a Habasha yayin da rahotanni na cin zarafi ke ci gaba da fitowa daga yankin Tigray.
Gwamnatin ba ta sanya takunkumi nan da nan ba a karkashin sabon umurnin, amma "a shirye take ta dauki tsauraran matakai" sai dai idan bangarorin - ciki har da gwamnatin Habasha, gwamnatin Eritrea, kungiyar 'yan tawayen Tigray, da gwamnatin yankin Amhara - "sun dauki matakai masu ma'ana. don shiga tattaunawa don tsagaita bude wuta da kuma ba da damar isa ga ayyukan jin kai ba tare da wani cikas ba, ”wani babban jami’in gwamnatin ya shaida wa manema labarai.
 
Wannan jami’in ya ce gwamnatin na neman ganin mataki cikin “makonni, ba watanni ba.” Biden ya amince da umurnin zartarwa bayan da gwamnatin ta “yi wa telegrap na tsawon watanni da bangarorin ke bukatar canza hanya,” in ji wani babban jami’in gudanarwa na biyu.
 
Biden ya ce "Rikicin da ke gudana a arewacin Habasha bala'i ne wanda ke haifar da babban wahalar dan adam kuma yana yin barazana ga hadin kan kasar Habasha."
 

'Wata hanya dabam ta yiwu'

Sanarwar da Biden ya fitar ta ce "Amurka ta kuduri aniyar ganin an kawo karshen wannan rikici cikin lumana, kuma za mu bayar da cikakken goyon baya ga wadanda ke jagorantar kokarin shiga tsakani."
 
Ya ci gaba da cewa, “Ina hada kai da shuwagabanni daga ko'ina cikin Afirka da ma duniya baki daya wajen rokon bangarorin da ke rikici da su da su dakatar da yakin da suke yi na mutunta hakkin dan adam, ba da damar shiga ayyukan jin kai ba tare da tangarda ba, da zuwa teburin tattaunawa ba tare da wani sharadi ba. Dole sojojin Eritrea su janye daga Habasha. ”
 
"Wata hanya ta daban na iya yiwuwa amma dole ne shugabanni su zabi zabin bin ta," in ji Shugaban.
Umurnin zartarwa yana nuna karuwar hanzarin gaggawa a halin da ake ciki a Tigray, inda aka daina samun damar kai kayan agaji don isar da abinci, man fetur da magunguna kuma daruruwan dubbai na fuskantar yunwa.
 

Ana fitar da maza daga sansanin kurkuku. Sannan gawarwaki na shawagi a cikin kogin

 
 
Gidan Talabijin na CNN ya bankado shaidar cewa tsare mutane da yawa, cin zarafin jima'i, da kashe -kashen da ke da alamun kisan kare dangi sun faru a Tigray. Wadancan binciken sun tunzura Majalisa don yin matsin lamba kan gwamnatin don daukar mataki, a cewar wani mataimaki na Majalisar Dattawa, wanda ya lura cewa 'yan majalisu daga bangarorin biyu suna matsawa gwamnati lamba ba kawai ta sanya sunayen takunkumin ba, har ma ta yanke hukunci kan ko zaluncin da aka yi ya zama kisan kare dangi.
Mataimakin ya shaida wa CNN cewa ofisoshin jakadancin Amurka da ke Habasha da Eritrea sun gano sunayen wasu wadanda ake son sanya wa takunkumi.
 
A cikin sanarwar Jumma'a, Biden ya ce "ya firgita da rahotannin kisan gilla, fyade, da sauran cin zarafin jima'i don tsoratar da fararen hula."
 
Jami'an gwamnatin sun yarda cewa halin da ake ciki a Tigray ya tabarbare a cikin 'yan watannin nan kuma sun bayyana damuwar cewa tashin hankali na iya yin muni nan ba da jimawa ba yayin da damina ta zo karshe, wanda ke ba da damar yin motsi a yankin.
 
Koyaya, jami'in gwamnatin na farko ya ce shawarar sanya hannu kan umarnin zartarwa amma ba a sanya takunkumi nan da nan ba yana nuna imanin gwamnatin cewa "wata hanya ta daban za ta yiwu."
 
"Wannan ba hukunci bane da wannan gwamnatin ta ɗauka da sauƙi kuma fifikon mu, a zahiri, shine kar ayi amfani da wannan kayan aikin," in ji su. "Za mu fi son bangarorin da ke rikici su yi aiki tare da kasashen duniya don ci gaba da tattaunawa kan yarjejeniyar tsagaita wuta."
 
"Muna son ganin Habasha mai wadata, wadata, zaman lafiya, haɗin kai Habasha, da kuma yankin da ke cikin Kahon Afirka, amma wannan rikice -rikicen da ke ci gaba da fuskantar hadari - yana sanya duk wannan cikin hadari," in ji su.
 

'Babu maganin soja'

Wannan jami'in ya kara da cewa "ba su da kwarin gwiwa game da halin da ake ciki a kasa kuma shi ya sa Shugaban kasa ya ba da izinin wannan umarnin don kara matsa lamba, amma muna da kwarin gwiwa game da ci gaban da shugabannin yankin ke yi, ta (Kungiyar Tarayyar Afirka). Wakilin (Olusegun) Obasanjo ya matsa lamba don neman sulhu, kuma muna fatan za mu iya ba da goyon baya ga waɗannan ƙoƙarin. ”
 
Wataƙila yanayin zai zama “muhimmin tattaunawa” a Babban Taron Majalisar Nationsinkin Duniya a New York, jami’in na biyu ya ce, “saboda a yanzu yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan bala’o’in jin kai a duniya.”
 
"Akwai yarjejeniya mai yawa, a wajen Habasha, aƙalla, cewa babu wata hanyar soji ga wannan rikicin," in ji su.
 

Daga wanda ya ci lambar yabo ta Nobel zuwa pariah na duniya: Yadda duniya ta yiwa Abiy Ahmed da Habasha kuskure

 
 
Umurnin zartarwa na Jumma'a yana da fa'ida idan aka kwatanta da takunkumin da aka sanar a baya a yankin kuma zai ba Ma'aikatar Baitulmali da Jiha ikon da sassauci don gano mutane da ƙungiyoyin da ke da alhakin rikicin idan ba a ɗauki matakan tsagaita wuta ba.
 
Jami'in farko ya jaddada cewa duk wani takunkumi ba za a yi niyya ga mutanen Habasha ba, lura da cewa Ma'aikatar Baitulmali za ta ba da lasisin janar wanda ke ba da "keɓewa bayyananne ga kowane ci gaba, ayyukan jin kai, da sauran ƙoƙarin taimako, da mahimman ayyukan kasuwanci a Habasha. da Eritrea. ”
A cikin watan Mayu, Sakataren Harkokin Wajen Antony Blinken ya ba da sanarwar takaita takunkumin hana biza kan “wasu mutanen da ke da alhakin, ko kuma ke da hannu a ciki, na kawo cikas ga rikicin da ke faruwa a Tigray” kuma Amurka ta kakaba wa babban hafsan hafsoshin Sojojin Tsaron Eritrea alakarsa da “mai tsanani. cin zarafin dan adam da aka aikata yayin rikicin da ke faruwa a Tigray. ”
 
Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen ta kuma "sanya takunkumi kan taimakon kasashen waje ga Habasha kuma sun kawo manufofin kula da kasuwancinmu na tsaro daidai da wannan matakin," a cewar mai magana da yawun Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen.
 
“An dakatar da shirye -shiryen taimakon tsaro. Shirin ci gaban tattalin arziƙin shirin Millennium Challenge Corporation shi ma yana nan a wannan lokacin, ”in ji su.
 

'Mai matukar damuwa'

A cikin wata sanarwa a makon da ya gabata, mai magana da yawun ma’aikatar harkokin wajen Amurka Ned Price ya kira “rahotannin cin zarafin bil adama da cin zarafi” da bangarorin da ke rikici da juna a yankin Tigray na Habasha ke yi “yana da matukar tayar da hankali,” yana mai cewa wadanda “ke samun rahotannin cin zarafin bil adama na nuna muhimmancin gaggawa. na binciken kasa da kasa mai zaman kansa da sahihanci. ”
 
An fitar da sanarwar biyo bayan rahoto daga CNN wanda ya gano gawarwakin 'yan Tigrayan, wasu daga cikinsu sun nuna alamun azabtarwa, suna wankewa a wani gari na Sudan kusa da kan iyaka da Habasha. Reuters kwanan nan ya ba da rahoton cewa sojojin Tigrayan sun kashe fararen hula sama da 100 a wani ƙauye a yankin Amhara.
 
Gwamnatin Biden kuma tana gudanar da "doka da bita kan gaskiya" game da ko laifukan da ka iya zama kisan kare dangi sun faru a Tigray.
 

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta ce agajin abinci a yankin Tigray da ke fama da rikici a Habasha zai kare ranar Juma'a yayin da mutane 400,000 ke fuskantar yunwa

 
Ana yin wannan bita tun aƙalla ƙarshen watan Yuni. Mukaddashin Mataimakin Sakataren Harkokin Waje Robert Godec ya shaida wa 'yan majalisar a lokacin cewa "gwamnati ta yarda da cewa an aikata munanan ayyukan ta'addanci a Tigray kuma Sakataren Blinken ya faɗi a cikin shaidar da ta gabata, kamar yadda kuka faɗa, cewa akwai ayyukan share fage na ƙabilanci. . ”
 
"Muna kan aiwatar da bincike na gaskiya da doka don tantance ko sharuddan cin zarafin bil'adama, kisan kare dangi, da laifukan yaki za a iya amfani da su," in ji shi. "Mataki na ƙarshe kan ko za mu yi amfani da waɗannan sharuɗɗan ya rage ga Sakataren Gwamnati."
 

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