Buƙatar soke lambar yabo ta Afirka ta Jamus ta 2021 da za a ba Kwamishina Daniel Bekele

Bude Haruffa

HE Dr. Uschi Eid
Shugaban Gidauniyar Afirka ta Jamus Berlin, Jamus

Mai Girma

1. Global Society of Tigray Scholars and Professionals (GSTS), wata ƙungiya ce mai zaman kanta kuma mai cin gashin kanta ta duniya wacce ke wakiltar sama da 3200 masana da ƙwararrun 'yan ƙabilar Tigray a duk faɗin duniya, ta firgita da labarin cewa Gidauniyar Afirka ta Jamus ta yanke shawarar gabatar da Kyautar Afirka ta Jamus 2021 ga Dokta Daniel Bekele - Kwamishinan Hukumar Kare Hakkin Bil Adama ta Habasha (EHRC). GSTS tana matukar adawa da shawarar karrama wani jami'in da aka nada a jihar da aka yi kaurin suna saboda rarrabuwar kawuna da ayyukan da ake zargi da haifar da mummunan sakamako.

2. GSTS ba tare da wani sharadi ba yana tabbatar da mahimmancin ƙoƙarin tallafawa da ƙarfafa kwamitocin haƙƙin ɗan adam masu zaman kansu a duk faɗin duniya (kuma musamman a Afirka) kuma yana yabawa Gidauniyar Afirka ta Jamus don tallafawa wannan kyakkyawar manufa. Koyaya, akwai dalilai da yawa game da dalilin da ya sa bayar da Dr. Bekele zai yi ɓarna ga wannan muhimmin aikin, wanda mafi mahimmanci shine kasancewarsa zai zama babban rashin adalci ga waɗanda abin ya shafa da waɗanda suka tsira daga manyan laifuffukan haƙƙin ɗan adam da laifukan yaki a Habasha waɗanda ke da An yi shiru kuma an mayar da shi ganuwa ta ayyukansa da na EHRC. Musamman, Dr. Bekele da EHRC da gwamnati ta ƙirƙira sun ci gaba da ɓoyewa da/ko rage laifukan yaƙi, laifukan cin zarafin bil'adama, da ayyukan kisan gilla da ake gani a Tigray tare da yin watsi da wasu manyan laifuka a cikin sauran Habasha.

3. Kawai don lissafa misalai kaɗan na sakacin kwamishinan da gangan yayin fuskantar manyan take hakkokin bil'adama da suka haɗa da laifukan yaƙi, laifukan cin zarafin bil'adama da ayyukan kisan gilla da aka aikata akan wasu tsirarun kabilu:

  1. Dokta Bekele yana kan rikodin1 raina irin ta'asar da aka aikata a Tigray. Ya ce "abin ta'aziyya ne sanin cewa aikin sojan bai haifar da mummunan sakamako ba kamar yadda ake fargabar hakan da farko. An yi magana game da babban zubar da jini, akwai maganar babban raunin farar hula, wargaza kasar… ”. Wannan duk da babbar shaidar kisan gilla, taimakon da ya dace ya toshe mutanen da ke fama da yunwa, rahotanni masu ban tsoro na cin zarafin jima'i da nufin “tsaftacewa da tsarkake jinin wanda aka azabtar”2, tsabtace al'adu da al'adu, ƙona gabobin haihuwa na matan Tigrayanci ta yadda mahaifarsu ba za ta taɓa haifar da ƙarin yaran Tigrayan ba3 da dai sauransu wanda ya ƙunshi ayyukan kisan gilla da gangan.
  2. EHRC ta Dr. Bekele ta yi watsi da manyan laifukan take hakkokin bil'adama ciki har da kisan gilla. Bai yi Allah wadai ba kuma bai nuna alhakin gudanar da bincike kan yawancin kisan gilla sama da 250 da aka aikata a Tigray, wasu daga cikinsu sun hada da: Kisan Mahare Dego4, Kashe -kashen Debre Abay5, Kisan Abi Addi6, Kisan Kiyashi na Hagere Selam7, Kisan kiyashin Togoga8, Kashe -kashen Irob9, Kisan Adwa10, Kisan Adigrat11, Kisan Hawzen12, Kisan Gijet13 da kisan Mariam Dengelat14.
  3. Dokta Bekele da EHRC sun kasance masu zaɓe da son zuciya a zaɓin abin da za a hukunta ko bincike da kuma hanyoyin binciken su. Sun fi yin magana game da wasu muggan laifuka da ake zargi, galibi wadanda gwamnatin Habasha ke nema ta ba da labari da kulawa ga galibi wadanda suka shafi 'yan kabilar Amhara a matsayin wadanda abin ya shafa. A wasu lokuta, kamar kama ɗaruruwan dubban masu adawa da siyasa (musamman 'yan Tigrayanci da Oromia) ko harin sama a kasuwar Togoga (a Tigray), sun gwammace su yi shiru kuma sun yi watsi da yaɗuwar cin zarafin ɗan adam.
  4. Kungiyar EHRC karkashin Dokta Bekele ta taka rawar son zuciya da barna da gangan a yakin da aka yi a kan Tigray, musamman ta hanyar rahotonta na yaudara kan alakanta kisan kiyashin Mai Kadra na 'yan Tigrayanci. Gwamnatocin Habasha da na shiyyoyin yankin sun yi amfani da wannan rahoton mara kyau (kuma ana ci gaba da amfani da shi) don tayar da hankali da tattara tallafi don yaƙin Tigray. A bayyane yake cewa an lalata shaidu a Mai Kadra, kuma EHRC tana da hannu cikin wannan aikin.
  5. Hukumar ta EHRC ta sha musanta gaskiyar lamari dangane da rikicin da ake yi a Tigray. Misali, BBC ta ruwaito15 a cikin Janairu cewa sama da mutane miliyan 4.5 suna buƙatar taimakon abinci na gaggawa. Koyaya, rahoton EHRC a watan Fabrairu ya rage wannan adadi zuwa miliyan 2.3. An ƙirƙiro waɗannan rahotannin don tallafawa labarin gwamnatin tarayya ta Habasha.
  6. Hukumar ta EHRC ba ta yi wani kokari ba don yin bincike ko kuma yin tir da munanan munanan ayyukan da ake aikatawa a Yammacin Tigray - inda tuni kafafen yada labarai na duniya kamar CNN suka taru suka bayar da rahoto kan kwararan hujjoji - kuma yanzu haka yana karkashin ikon gwamnatocin Amhara da Eritrea. 'sojojin da EHRC ke da damar shigarsu saboda alaƙa da gwamnatin Habasha da kawayenta.
  7. Hakanan dole ne a lura cewa hujjar da aka bayar don wannan kyautar tana cike da maganganun da ba daidai ba kuma masu yaudara. Misali, jumla mai zuwa: "Jawabin Bekele game da kasancewar sojojin Eritrea a yankin Habasha a lokacin da har yanzu haramun ne kuma masu sa ido sun sadu da shi, kamar yadda ya kasance mai gaskiya ga sukar ayyukan hukumar sa ta haƙƙin ɗan adam." ba gaskiya bane. A zahiri, Dr. Bekele ya yi jinkirin gudanar da kowane bincike da/ko yin sanarwa har sai da gwamnatin Habasha da kanta ta ambaci batun 'taboo' kuma a hukumance ta yarda da kasancewar sojojin Eritrea a Tigray ƙarƙashin matsin lamba na ƙasashen duniya. Hujja game da wannan ita ce Dr. Bekele ya jinkirta rahoton kisan gillar Axum da sojojin Eritrea suka aikata har sai da Firayim Minista Abiy ya fito fili ya amince da kasancewar Eritrea a Tigray. Hakazalika, wasu rahotanni daga EHRC a ƙarƙashin jagorancin Dr. Bekele sun gaza sanya sojojin Eritrea cikin duk ta'asar da aka aikata a Humera (misali, sun guji binciken harbin Kebele 02 da sojojin Eritrea suka yi) da sauran sassan Tigray.

4. GSTS cikin girmamawa yana roƙon babbar gidauniyar Jamus ta Afirka da ta sake yin la’akari da lambar yabon da aka baiwa Dr Bekele tare da soke sanarwar saboda an riga an yi amfani da ita don farfagandar yaƙi da ke ƙara dagula lamura a Habasha. Bai dace ba a ba da irin wannan gagarumar lambar yabo ga kwamishina wanda ba wai kawai ya ɓoye ko nuna ƙiyayya ga manyan laifuffukan haƙƙin ɗan adam ba amma kuma ya sanya siyasa cikin ɓacin ran ɗan adam. Tabbas, wannan zai zama ɓarna ga kyautar kuma ya cancanci kyaututtukan gaske na baya.

5. A ƙarshe, duk da haka muhimmin abu, mun haɗa bincike mai tushe na shaida kan yadda kwamishinan ya yi ɓatan da yaƙi a Tigray da bayansa. Binciken gaskiya ya nuna cewa EHRC a ƙarƙashin jagorancin Bekele tana nuna son kai ga waɗanda Tigrayan da abin ya shafa, kuma ba ta da ['yancin kai, mutunci, rashin son kai, riƙon amana, haƙiƙanin gaskiya, daidaito na gaskiya, da ƙwarewar ƙwararru].

CC:
HE Robert Dölger, Daraktan Yankin Saharar Afirka da Sahel a Ofishin Jakadancin Jamus HE Ambassador Stephan Auer, Ofishin Jakadancin Jamus a Addis Ababa
HE David Schwake, Babban Sakatare, Deutsche Afrika Stiftung (DAS)
HE Farfesa Dr. Karl-Heinz Hornhues, Shugaban Darakta, DAS
HE Alois Karl, mataimakin shugaban DAS
HE Dr Bärbel Kofler, mataimakin shugaban ƙasa, DAS kuma Kwamishinan Manufofin 'Yancin Dan Adam da Taimakon Jama'a, Tarayyar Jamus
HE Dieter Härthe, Ma’aji, DAS
HE Klaus A. Hess, Mai Ba da Shawara kan Shari'a, DAS
HE Dr Volker Faigle, Assvalu, DAS
HE Dr Christoph Hoffmann, Mai kimantawa, DAS
HE Volkmar Klein, Mai kimantawa, DAS
HE Andreas Lämmel, Mai kimantawa, DAS
HE Omid Nouripour, Mai kimantawa, DAS
HE Heiko Schwiderowski, Mai kimantawa, DAS
SHI Johannes Singhammer, Mai kimantawa, DAS
HE Gabi Weber, Assvalu, DAS


1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1J7iXFbOoTE
2 https://www.channel4.com/news/tigray-the-horrors-of-the-hidden-war
3 https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/4/21/a-tigrayan-womb-should-never-give-birth-rape-in-ethiopia-tigray
4 https://www.bellingcat.com/news/2021/06/24/tigray-conflict-videos-provide-new-details-of-mahbere-dego- massacre/
5 https://observers.france24.com/en/africa/20210312-ethiopia-tigray-video-massacre-war-mai-harmaz-investigation

6 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/terror-and-security/bodies-torn-pieces-ethiopian-eritrean-troops- accused-massacre/
7 https://www.ethiopia-insight.com/2021/02/19/catastrophe-stalks-tigray-again/
8 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jun/24/ethiopian-airstrike-tigray-market
9 https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/5/4/tiny-ethnic-group-fears-extinction-as-tigray-war-enters-6th-month
10 https://www.reuters.com/article/ethiopia-conflict/eritrean-soldiers-kill-nine-civilians-in-tigray-ethiopian-regional- official-says-idUSL4N2M72PT
11 https://www.channel4.com/news/tigray-conflict-the-testimonies-of-alleged-war-crimes
12 https://www.voanews.com/africa/residents-dig-mass-graves-bury-tigray-war-victims
13 https://news.yahoo.com/residents-tell-massacre-tigray-village-163000942.html
14 https://edition.cnn.com/2021/02/26/africa/ethiopia-tigray-dengelat-massacre-intl/index.html
15 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-55695123


iGSTS ita ce 501 (C) da 33/2011 da aka yi wa rijista ba bisa ƙa'ida ba, ba don riba ba, da Cibiyar Ilimi ta Duniya mai cin gashin kanta sama da 3,200 Malamai da Kwararrun Tigray da nufin ƙirƙirar tattalin arziƙi da al'umma a cikin Tigray, da ƙari. Yana tsaye ne ga ilimi, fannoni daban -daban da bincike na giciye da haɓaka manufofin siyasa, haɓaka ɗan adam, haɓakawa da haɓaka kimiyya, fasaha, da ƙira, fasaha da canja wurin ilimi, matasa da haɓaka jinsi, ƙaura da ƙaura, da sauran ayyukan ilimi da haɓaka. . Hakanan yana aiki a cikin ba da shawara na ilimi kuma yana haɗin gwiwa tare da masu ruwa da tsaki daban -daban don haɓaka zaman lafiya, kyakkyawan shugabanci, haƙƙin ɗan adam, da ayyukan jin kai.

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