Fargaba game da rikicin jin kai da ke addabar Tigray yayin da Abiy Ahmed ke kaddamar da yaki ko karya yaki

Habasha Tigray

(Source: The Independent) - 

Wani hari na karshe da Addis Ababa ta kaddamar a Tigray ya tayar da fargaba kan tasirinsa ga yawan jama'a, in ji shi Ahmed Abou

 
A karyewar kwanyar mutum, guntun kasusuwan mutane da rigunan da suka zubar da jini sun warwatse a kusa da abin da ya yi kama da kaburbura da aka ƙone, inda mutane ke binciken takardun shaida da yawa.

Waɗannan su ne munanan al'amuran da aka nuna a wani faifan bidiyo da CNN ta samu a watan Yuni, wanda ke nuna kisan gilla da ake zargin Habasha ta yi sojoji a kan mazauna yankin arewacin lardin Tigray. Kwanaki kafin haka, an sanar da tsagaita wuta na bai daya Addis Ababa bayan fafatawar da aka shafe watanni ana yi tare da sojoji daga yankin da ke makwabtaka da Amhara da sojojin Eritrea a wani yunkuri na murkushe kungiyar 'yan tawayen Tigray (TPLF).

Tsoro yana ta ƙaruwa da irin wannan munanan ayyukan na iya sake faruwa yanzu. Sojojin Habasha sun kaddamar da abin da magoya bayan gwamnatin Firayim Minista Abiy Ahmed wanda aka yiwa lakabi da “final m. ” A wannan makon, 'yan tawayen sun ce gwamnati ta kaddamar da wani matakin soji "ta kowane bangare" don kwato wasu yankunan Tigray da Amhara da sojojin TPLF suka kwace a watan Yuni.

Yakin ya samo asali ne tun watan Nuwamban bara, lokacin da gwamnati ta ayyana nasara bayan kwace babban birnin yankin Mekelle. Amma TPLF ta ci gaba da fafatawa kuma ta sami nasarar kwato Mekelle da mafi yawan Tigray bayan da sojojin gwamnati suka janye a karshen watan Yuni.

Rahotanni sun ce a cikin wannan makon an shirya kai hare -hare na sojojin gwamnati da kawayenta a yankunan Amhara da Afar da ke kusa da iyakar kudancin Tigray. Rahotannin sun tabbatar da cewa ana gudanar da ayyukan na kasa ne ta jiragen yaki marasa matuka da hare -hare ta sama.

Martin Plaut, abokin aikin Cibiyar Nazarin Kasashen Commonwealth ya ce "An kaddamar da wani hari da sojojin Habasha, tare da sabbin sabbin sojoji da aka zana daga mayakan kabilun kasar."

Tun bayan tsagaita wutar, lissafin yaki na Ahmed ya kawo cikas sakamakon karancin aikin siyasa, ruwan sama mai yawa da ya mamaye arewacin wannan shekara da kuma karancin karancin ma'aikata da makamai.

 

Amma a watan Yuli, wanda ya lashe kyautar Nobel ya lashe zaben da gagarumin rinjaye. Wataƙila babbar nasarar siyasa, Ahmed ya ji, ya zama ƙaƙƙarfa daga Habasha don gama yaƙi mai ƙarfi, mai fafutuka a Tigray. Kuma wannan, ba shakka, yana nufin komai ƙasa da nasara duka.

"Mataimakan Abiy Ahmed yanzu suna jin iska a karkashin fikafikan su don yin aikin," in ji wata majiya a yankin The Independent.

Addis Ababa ta ayyana kungiyar ta TPLF a matsayin kungiyar 'yan ta'adda, kuma kafafen yada labarai da ke samun goyon bayan gwamnati sun shiga wani gangami da nufin yin aljanu ga jam'iyyar da ke mulkin yankin, tana zargin ta da kokarin wargaza kasar.

A cikin watannin da suka gabata, kamfen ɗin ya taimaka wajen ƙone kishin ƙasa tsakanin talakawan Habasha, ƙarfafa matsayin Ahmed a siyasance da haɓaka ɗimbin ɗimbin samari waɗanda “suka nuna kishin ƙasa” don shiga yaƙin.

Wannan yana faruwa tare da bayyananniyar manufa: “yakamata a raba mutanen Tigray daga ƙungiyar ta'addanci har abada”, in ji Ahmed a baya, yana nufin TPLF.

Sojojin na Tigra sun matsa kaimi domin sake bude layukan samar da kayayyaki da kawo karshen killacewar da sojojin gwamnati ke yi a yankin ta hanyar kokarin kwace yankuna masu muhimmanci. Wannan ya haɗa da yankin Wollo ta Arewa, Lalibela da Gondar, birni mai mahimmanci kan ƙetare hanya zuwa Sudan da Eritrea.

Babban abin da gwamnati za ta sa a gaba shi ne kawar da sojojin Tigrayan daga yankunan da ke makwabtaka da su, wadanda suka matsa zuwa biyo bayan janyewar dakarun tarayya daga yawancin yankin Tigray a karshen watan Yuni tare da raunana karfinsu na tabbatar da kula da hanyoyin samar da kayayyaki, ”in ji Ahmed Soliman a Chatham House, ya ce.

Amma don cimma wannan manufar, jami'an diflomasiyyar yamma sun ce, Ahmed zai shimfida "hayaki" a kusa da yanayin jin kai don samun lokaci ba tare da matsin lamba daga kasashen waje ba.

A wannan watan, Addis Ababa ta kori jami'an agaji na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya guda bakwai tare da zargin su da "tsoma baki" a rikicin. Za a iya ɗaukar wannan matakin mai ban mamaki a matsayin wani ɓoyayyen ɓarna da rundunarsa ta ba da labarin da kuma ƙara ƙarfafa ayyukan ayyukan jin kai a zaman wani ɓangare na shirye-shiryen yaƙin.

Tun lokacin da aka fara yaƙin a shekarar da ta gabata, kusan mutane miliyan biyu a cikin Tigray sun yi ƙaura yayin da gargadin, ciki har da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, ya kasance kan matsalar yunwa da ke addabar mutane sama da 400,000.

Akwai karuwar fargabar da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ke yi na komawar yunwa a yankin

Ahmed Soliman, abokin bincike a Chatham House

"Tare da rashin abinci mai gina jiki da mutuwar yunwa yana ƙaruwa, da takaita ayyukan jin kai wanda ke haifar da ƙarancin ƙarancin kayan masarufi da magunguna, Majalisar Dinkin Duniya na ƙara fargabar komawar yunwa a yankin," in ji Mista Soliman.

Shaidu sun sha zargin sojojin Habasha da kawayensu na Eritrea da yin amfani da fyade, korar jama'a da yunwa a matsayin makami akan fararen hula miliyan shida da ke dauke da mafi girman yaƙin a Tigray.

Hukumomin Habasha ba sa musanta kisan gillar da sojojinsu suka yi, wanda Amnesty International ta kira "laifukan yaki" wanda zai zama laifukan cin zarafin bil'adama.

A wata sanarwa da aka aika wa The Independent, mai magana da yawun ofishin jakadancin Habasha da ke Landan ya ce Addis Ababa ba za ta amince da kisan ba. Sanarwar ta ce "Gwamnati ta dauki matakai don yin bincike tare da daukar alhakin aikata laifukan da aka aikata a cikin rikicin, ta hannun Hukumar Kare Hakkin Dan Adam ta Habasha, tare da hadin gwiwar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya," in ji sanarwar.

Ta kara da cewa, "Babu wani mutum, gami da sojoji da ke aiki, wanda ya fi karfin doka."

Amma masu lura da al'amura sun dage cewa laifuka da dama, kamar yawan yunwa da toshe hanyoyin kai agajin jin kai, ba lamurra ne na daidaikun mutane ba. Maimakon haka, suna iƙirarin cewa dabaru ne da gwamnati ta tura da gangan a matsayin wani babban fa'ida don karya tsayin daka na Tigran.

“Abiy yana da manufofi biyu a Tigray. Na farko shi ne yunwa da yawan jama'a ko dai su zama masu cin nasara ko kuma ba su wanzu. Na biyu shine yin hakan ba tare da jawo hankalin duniya ba wanda zai taso daga ganganci haifar da yunwa mai kashe miliyoyin rayuka.

Mummunar yanayin jin kai ya kasance cibiyar yaki da labarai iri daya inda bangarorin biyu ke yiwa junansu lakabi da laifukan yaki.

A watan da ya gabata, gwamnati ta zargi TPLF da kashe da binne fararen hula 120 a kewayen garin Dabat, kusa da Gondar a yankin Amhara.

Baya ga 'yan kabilar Tigryan, dubunnan mutane kuma sun rasa matsugunansu a yankunan makwabta na Amhara da Afar sakamakon ci gaba da zubar da jini.

Jami'an Habasha na ci gaba da nuna rashin biyayya. Mai magana da yawun ofishin jakadancin na London ya yi alkawari The Independent cewa gwamnati za ta yi duk abin da za ta yi don hanzarta "tsari" don kawo karshen mulkin TPLF a kan Tigray, dakatar da "ta'asar", da samun taimako ga mutanen yankin da Amhara da Afar.

"Gwamnatin Habasha ta ci gaba da jajircewa da yin amfani da duk abin da take da shi don hanzarta aiwatarwa da barin taimakon da ya dace ya isa ga mutanen Tigray."

Duk da ci gaba da kai hare -hare da kungiyar ta TPLF ke yi, wanda ke kara tsananta yanayin jin kai, kasashen duniya sun yi shiru

Ofishin Jakadancin Habasha a London

“Duk da ci gaba da kai hare -hare na TPLF, wanda ke kara tsananta yanayin jin kai, kasashen duniya sun yi shiru. Don haka, muna kira ga al'ummomin duniya da su tashi tsaye tare da mutane da gwamnatin Habasha wajen yin Allah wadai da ta'asa da kutsawa cikin wasu yankuna, "in ji ta.

A gefe guda kuma, kungiyar ta TPLF ta dage cewa dole ne Ahmed ya tafi, yana mai cewa ya fara "yakin kisan kare dangi" kan yankin su.

“Yan kabilar Tigrayan suna da bango. Suna adawa da farmakin yayin da suke ƙoƙarin neman hanyar ficewa daga shingayen da ke kewaye da Tigray. Wannan yana nufin sassaka wata hanya zuwa Sudan ko Djibouti, ”in ji Mista Plaut.

Jami'an diflomasiyyar Yammacin Turai sun bayyana matsin lambar da ake yi wa Tigray a matsayin "abin da ba za a iya jurewa ba." Da alama dai kungiyar ta TPLF ta rasa zabin da ya wuce ci gaba da fada, dabarar da a baya suka tabbatar da cewa ta yi dabarar kai hari kan Addis Ababa da Asmara.

Sun sha alwashin rike matsayinsu, amma har yanzu ba a bayyana tsawon lokacin ba.

Kwararru sun ce mafi kyawun dabarun da ke mulki ga 'yan kabilar Tigrayan shi ne neman hanyar sasantawa don rage yawan barnar da gwamnati ke yi.

Rahotanni sun ce shugabannin Tigrin sun nemi gano yuwuwar tattaunawa da gwamnati kan tsagaita wuta mai inganci.

Amma wataƙila irin wannan sakamako na iya zama abin da ba za a iya mantawa da shi ba saboda babban harin yana kan matakin farko kuma halaccin ɗan majalisar Habasha a matsayin shugaba mai ƙarfi, mai ƙarfi wanda zai iya kiyaye martabar yankin ƙasar yana cikin hadari.

Ga alama gwamnatin Ahmed ma ta gama da zaɓuɓɓuka. “Abin ban haushi shine tsarin wasan Abiy Ahmed ba zai iya aiki ba. Idan yayi kokari kuma ya kasa ruguza Tigray, zai hallaka kansa. Idan ya yi nasara, ba zai taba tsira daga koma bayan da zai biyo baya ba, ”in ji Mista Lowcock.

Ya kara da cewa "dabarar sa mafi kyau shine gwadawa da nemo hanyar da zata fara tattaunawa da 'yan Tigryanci tare da samun masu tsaurin ra'ayi a cikin sahu don shiga cikin ta," in ji shi.

Amma, babu alamun Ahmed zai duba zaɓin tattaunawar nan ba da jimawa ba.

Matsin lambar kasa da kasa kan Addis Ababa don kawo karshen fadan ya kara inganta. Kasashen makwabta na fargabar rikicin zai rikide zuwa yakin gaba daya wanda zai kai ga wargaza Habasha. Rahotanni sun ce ana ci gaba da kokarin diflomasiyya na Kungiyar Tarayyar Afirka a bayan fage don karfafa tattaunawa.

Gwamnatin Biden ta kuma ce kwanan nan ta ce tana gudanar da bita da kulli yayin da take la'akari da makasudin yiwuwar sanya takunkumi kan shugabannin Habasha da Tigryan.

Karyar da kungiyar ta TPLF da sake kwace daukacin Tigray "zai ba da damar gwamnatin Ahmed ta kasance cikin karfi don tsayayya da matsin lambar Amurka da Turai don bude tattaunawa da gwamnatin yankin Tigrayan," in ji Mista Plaut.

 

 

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