'Allah ya jiƙan': Mazauna Tigray sun kwatanta rayuwa a ƙarƙashin killacewa

Eritrea Habasha Tigray
 
A cikin wannan hoton da aka ba da sunansa, ana kula da Genet Mehari, 5, saboda rashin abinci mai gina jiki amma tare da ƙarancin magani, a Asibitin Referral na Ayder da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Talata, 28 ga Satumba, 2021. A babban birnin yankin Mekele, shekara guda na yaƙi da watanni na rashi da gwamnati ta yi ya bar birnin na mutane rabin miliyan tare da raguwa cikin sauri na abinci, man fetur, magunguna da tsabar kuɗi. (Hoton AP)

Yayin da abinci da hanyoyin siyan ta ke raguwa a cikin birni da aka kewaye, uwar yarinyar ta ji ba za ta iya yin wani abin ba. Ta kashe kanta, ta kasa ciyar da 'ya'yanta.

A cikin cocin Katolika a duk faɗin gari, gari da mai don yin wafers na tarayya ba da daɗewa ba. Kuma babban asibitin da ke Mekele, babban birnin yankin Tigray na Habasha, yana kokawa da ko za a bai wa marasa lafiya magungunan da suka rage. Sabulinta da bleach dinsa sun tafi.

A shekarar yaki da kuma watanni na rashi da gwamnati ta yi ya bar birnin na mutane miliyan miliyan da hankulan abinci, man fetur, magunguna da tsabar kuɗi. A yankunan karkara, rayuwa ma ta yi muni yayin da dubunnan mutane ke rayuwa kan 'ya'yan cactus na daji ko sayar da ɗan agajin da suke samu. An fara yunwa da mutane ke yi, matsalar yunwa mafi muni a duniya cikin shekaru goma.

Duk da yanke kusan dukkanin sadarwa tare da duniyar waje, Kamfanin dillacin labarai na Associated Press ya yi hirar dozin da mutane a cikin Mekele, tare da takaddun agajin cikin gida, don mafi cikakken hoto har yanzu rayuwa a ƙarƙashin kawancen da gwamnatin Habasha ta yiwa yankin na Tigray miliyan 6. mutane.

A tsakiyar wutar lantarki, Mekele galibi ana kunna ta da kyandir wanda mutane da yawa ba za su iya biya ba. Shaguna da tituna babu kowa, sai man girki da dabarar jarirai ta kare. Mutane daga yankunan karkara da ma’aikatan gwamnati da ba a biya su albashi na tsawon watanni sun kumbura daga cikin mabarata. Mutane sun fi siriri. Sanarwar jana'izar a rediyo ta ƙaru.

A cikin wannan hoton da aka ba da sunansa, Rahwa Mehari, 'yar shekaru 4, wacce ta fara fama da rashin abinci mai gina jiki kamar yadda mahaifinta ya nuna kuma bayanan likita sun nuna sannan ta kamu da cutar tarin fuka, ana kula da ita a Asibitin Referral da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Litinin, 4 ga Oktoba, 2021. Mahaifinta Mehari Tesfa, daga gundumar Kilte Awulaelo, ya ce bai iya noma ko ciyar da iyalinsa ba tun lokacin da sojojin Eritrea suka sace masa famfunan ruwa da janareta a lokacin yakin. (Hoton AP)
Rahwa Mehari, 'yar shekaru 4, wacce ta fara fama da rashin abinci mai gina jiki kamar yadda mahaifinta ya nuna kuma bayanan likita sun nuna sannan ta kamu da cutar tarin fuka, ana kula da ita a Asibitin Referral na Ayder da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha. (Hoton AP)

"Makonni masu zuwa za su sanya ko karya lamarin a nan," in ji Mengstu Hailu, mataimakin shugaban bincike a Jami'ar Mekele, inda mahaifiyar da ta kashe kanta ke aiki.

Ya gaya wa AP game da kashe abokin aikin sa a watan da ya gabata da kuma mutuwar wasu sanannu biyu saboda yunwa da mutuwa sakamakon rashin magunguna. "Shin mutane za su mutu cikin daruruwan da dubbai?" Ya tambaya.

Korafi daga Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, Amurka, Tarayyar Turai da kasashen Afirka ga bangarorin da ke fada da juna don dakatar da fadan ya ci tura, duk da cewa Amurka na barazanar sabbin takunkumin da aka dora wa mutane a cikin kasa ta biyu mafi yawan jama'a a Afirka.

Maimakon haka, an fara wani sabon farmaki na sojojin Habasha da na ƙawance a yunƙurin murƙushe mayaƙan Tigray waɗanda suka mamaye gwamnatin ƙasa na kusan shekaru talatin kafin Firayim Minista Abiy Ahmed, wanda ya lashe kyautar Nobel ta zaman lafiya na shekarar 2019.

A cikin wannan hoton da aka yi daga bidiyon da aka bayar ba tare da an sani ba, Mizan Wolde tana ɗauke da 'yarta Genet Mehari, mai shekaru 5, don karɓar madarar warkewa don rashin abinci mai gina jiki, a Asibitin Referral Ayder da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Talata, 28 ga Satumba, 2021. A cikin babban birnin yankin Mekele, shekara guda na yaƙi da watanni na rashi da gwamnati ta yi ya bar birnin na mutane rabin miliyan tare da raguwa cikin sauri na abinci, man fetur, magunguna da tsabar kuɗi. (Hoton AP)
Mizan Wolde tana ɗauke da 'yarta Genet Mehari, mai shekaru 5, don karɓar madarar warkewa don rashin abinci mai gina jiki, a Asibitin Referral Ayder da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha. (Hoton AP)

Habasha na daya daga cikin wadanda ke samun agajin jin kai na Amurka. Gwamnati a Addis Ababa, tana tsoron taimakon zai kawo karshen tallafawa sojojin Tigray, ta sanya shingayen a watan Yuni bayan mayakan sun kwace yawancin yankin Tigray, sannan suka kawo yakin zuwa yankunan makwabta na Amhara da Afar. Yanzu haka daruruwan dubbai sun rasa matsugunansu a can, lamarin da ke kara rura wutar rikicin jin kai.

Bayan AP a watan da ya gabata ya ba da rahoton mutuwar yunwa ta farko a karkashin katanga, kuma babban jami'in agaji na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya kira Habasha a matsayin "tabo a kan lamirinmu," gwamnati ta kori jami'an Majalisar Dinkin Duniya guda bakwai, tana zarginsu da karya karya girman rikicin. Korar ta "ba a taba ganin irin ta ba kuma ta tayar da hankali," in ji Amurka.

Kashi 14% kawai na taimakon da ake buƙata ya shiga Tigray tun lokacin da aka fara toshewar, a cewar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, kuma kusan babu magani kwata -kwata.

A cikin wannan hoton da aka ba da sunansa, ana kula da Genet Mehari, 5, saboda rashin abinci mai gina jiki amma tare da ƙarancin magani, a Asibitin Referral na Ayder da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Talata, 28 ga Satumba, 2021. A babban birnin yankin Mekele, shekara guda na yaƙi da watanni na rashi da gwamnati ta yi ya bar birnin na mutane rabin miliyan tare da raguwa cikin sauri na abinci, man fetur, magunguna da tsabar kuɗi. (Hoton AP)
Ana kula da Genet Mehari, mai shekaru 5, saboda rashin abinci mai gina jiki amma da karancin magani, a Asibitin Referral Ayder da ke Mekele. (Hoton AP)

"Babu wata hanyar da za a ayyana abin da ke faruwa ga mutanen Tigray fiye da kisan kare dangi," InterAction, kawancen kungiyoyin agaji na kasa da kasa, ya ce a cikin wannan watan rikicin da ke da alamar tsare mutane da yawa, korar su da kuma yi masu fyade.

"Yawan 'yan kabilar Tigrayanci na miliyan 6 suna fuskantar matsananciyar yunwa a yanzu," in ji tsohon shugaban agaji na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Mark Lowcock a cikin wata sanarwa ta daban.

Da yake amsa tambayoyi, mai magana da yawun ofishin Firayim Ministan Habasha, Billene Seyoum, ya sake dora laifin a kan sojojin na Tigray saboda kawo cikas na agaji kuma ya ce “gwamnati ta yi aiki tukuru don tabbatar da agajin jin kai ya isa ga masu bukata.” Ba ta fadi lokacin da za a ba da izinin ayyukan yau da kullun zuwa Tigray ba.

A babban asibitin Turawa na Ayder, Dr. Sintayehu Misgina, likitan tiyata da mataimakin babban daraktan lafiya, suna kallo cikin firgici.

A cikin wannan hoton da aka saka ba a bayyana sunan ta ba, Rahwa Mehari, 'yar shekara 4, ta samu ta'aziyya daga mahaifinta wanda ya ce ta fara fama da rashin abinci mai gina jiki kuma bayanan likita sun nuna cewa ta kamu da cutar tarin fuka, a Asibitin Referral da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Litinin. , Oktoba 4, 2021. Mahaifinta Mehari Tesfa, daga gundumar Kilte Awulaelo, ya ce bai iya noma ko ciyar da iyalinsa ba tun lokacin da sojojin Eritrea suka sace masa famfunan ruwa da janareta a lokacin yakin. (Hoton AP)
Rahwa Mehari, 'yar shekara 4, mahaifinta ya ta'azantar da ita wanda ya ce ta fara fama da rashin abinci mai gina jiki kuma bayanan likita sun nuna sannan ta kamu da cutar tarin fuka, a Asibitin Referral Ayder da ke Mekele. (Hoton AP)

Marasa lafiya wani lokacin suna tafiya ba tare da abinci ba, kuma ba su da nama, ƙwai ko madara tun Yuni. Man da za a yi amfani da motocin agajin gaggawa ya ƙare. Wani injin janareta yana sarrafa kayan aikin tiyata na gaggawa kawai lokacin da akwai mai.

"Allah ya jiƙan waɗanda suka zo lokacin da ba a tashi ba," in ji shi.

Babu taimakon da ake gani. Wani ma’aikacin Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ya shaida wa Sintayehu cewa babu abin da ya rage da za a bayar, duk da cewa wani shago a makwabciyar Afar ya cika da taimakon ceton rai.

Adadin kananan yara masu fama da tamowa da rashin lafiya sun zo asibiti a makonnin da suka gabata. Ba duka ne suka tsira ba.

"Babu magunguna," in ji Mizan Wolde, mahaifiyar wani mara lafiya mai shekaru 5. Mehari Tesfa ya yanke kauna ga 'yarsa' yar shekara 4, wacce ke fama da ciwon kwakwalwa kuma tana bata.

A cikin wannan hoton da aka yi daga bidiyon da aka bayar ba tare da an sani ba, Mizan Wolde tana zaune tare da 'yarta Genet Mehari, 5, a ɗakin rashin abinci mai gina jiki a Asibitin Referral Ayder a Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Talata, 28 ga Satumba, 2021. A cikin Babban birnin yankin Mekele, shekara guda na yaƙi da watanni na raunin da gwamnati ta tilastawa barin garin na mutane rabin miliyan tare da raguwa cikin sauri na abinci, man fetur, magunguna da tsabar kuɗi. (Hoton AP)
Mizan Wolde tana zaune tare da 'yarta Genet Mehari,' yar shekara 5, a sashin rashin abinci mai gina jiki a Asibitin Referral da ke Mekele. (Hoton AP)

“Wata uku kenan da ta zo nan,” in ji shi. "Tana lafiya, sannan maganin ya daina. Yanzu tana ɗaukar iskar oxygen kawai, ba wani abu ba. ”

A fadin Tigray, adadin yaran da aka kwantar a asibiti saboda matsanancin rashin abinci mai gina jiki ya karu, a cewar hukumar kula da yara ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya - 18,600 daga watan Fabrairu zuwa Agusta, idan aka kwatanta da 8,900 a shekarar 2020. Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta ce asibitocin da ke wajen Mekele sun rasa kayan abinci masu gina jiki don kula da su. .

Nahusenay Belay, malamin Jami'ar Mekele ya ce "A cewar abokan aikin likitanci da aikin gona, daruruwan mutane na mutuwa kowace rana. Ya ce wani abokinsa ya mutu sakamakon rashin maganin ciwon sukari, kuma wani matashi dan uwa a wajen birnin ya mutu da yunwa.

"Ina tsira da taimakon dangi da abokai kamar kowa," in ji shi.

A cikin wannan hoton da aka yi daga bidiyon da aka bayar ba tare da an bayyana sunansa ba, ma'aikaciyar jinya Tekleab ta yi bayanin halin da ake ciki a sashen rashin abinci mai gina jiki na asibitin Ayder Referral da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Talata, 28 ga Satumba, 2021. A babban birnin yankin Mekele, shekara guda Yakin basasa da watanni na tilastawa gwamnati ta bar birnin na mutane rabin miliyan tare da raguwa cikin sauri na abinci, man fetur, magunguna da tsabar kuɗi. (Hoton AP)
Tekleab, ma’aikaciyar jinya ce, ta yi bayanin halin da ake ciki a sashen rashin abinci mai gina jiki na Asibitin Referral na Asibitin da ke Mekele. (Hoton AP)

Farashin kayan masarufi suna taɓarɓarewa. Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a makon da ya gabata ta ce man girki a Mekele ya haura sama da kashi 400% tun daga watan Yuni da dizal sama da kashi 600%. A cikin garin Shire, wanda dubban mutanen da suka yi hijira suka mamaye, dizal ya tashi 1,200%, gari 300%da gishiri fiye da 500%.

Ba a san adadin asarar da ake yi a yankunan karkara na yankin da aka fi noma ba saboda rashin man fetur yana hana yawancin tafiye -tafiye.

Documentaya daga cikin takaddun agajin cikin gida wanda aka sanya kwanan watan da ya gabata kuma AP ta gani ya bayyana dubunnan mutane masu matsananciyar yunwa waɗanda suka tsere daga "tarko da yunwa" a kusa da kan iyaka da Eritrea, waɗanda aka zargi sojojin su da wasu munanan ayyukan ta'addanci.

“Yawancin suna iya cin abinci aƙalla sau ɗaya a kowace rana, galibi godiya ga samuwar cactus,” in ji takardar. "Wataƙila yanayin zai lalace bayan Satumba lokacin da 'ya'yan itacen daji suka ƙare."

A cikin wannan hoton da aka yi daga bidiyon da aka bayar ba tare da an bayyana sunansa ba, ana ganin uwa da yaro da ba a san ko su wanene ba a sashin rashin abinci mai gina jiki a asibitin Ayder Referral da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Talata, 28 ga Satumba, 2021. A babban birnin yankin Mekele, shekara guda na yaƙi da watanni na rashi da gwamnati ta yi ya bar birnin na mutane rabin miliyan tare da raguwa cikin sauri na abinci, man fetur, magunguna da tsabar kuɗi. (Hoton AP)
Ana ganin uwa da yaro da ba a san ko su wanene ba a sashin rashin abinci mai gina jiki a Asibitin Referral na Ayder da ke Mekele. (Hoton AP)

Takarda daga wani yanki na Tigray ya bayyana "mutane da yawa ba za su ƙidaya" ƙoƙarin siyar da abubuwa kamar guga da sabulu da kungiyoyin agaji ke rabawa. Wasu mutane sun yi tafiya kai tsaye daga wurin rarrabawa zuwa bakin hanya don sayarwa.

Takardar ta ce, "Ba su da wani zabi saboda suna bukatar kudin da za su sayi abinci don karawa isasshen abincin abinci," in ji takardar, ta kara hasashen yunwa "abin tsoro ne."

Wani limamin cocin Katolika a Mekele, Rev. Taum Berhane, ya bayyana yanayin da ke tafe da tatsuniyoyin tatsuniyoyi daga zamanin Littafi Mai -Tsarki. Tun kafin yaƙin, ɓangarorin Tigray sun fuskanci mamayewar fara ta hamada. Sannan sojojin abokan gaba sun wawashe da kona amfanin gona da harbin dabbobin manoma. Yanzu, toshewar na nufin mutane na fama da yunwa duk da cewa suna da kuɗi a banki.

"Kun ga uwaye masu shayarwa ba tare da madara ba," in ji shi. “Muna ganin jarirai suna mutuwa. Na ga kaina mutane suna cin ganye kamar awaki. ”

Yayin da cocin ke fafutukar tallafa wa sansanin dubban mutanen da suka rasa muhallansu, “suna gaya mana, 'Bari mu koma garuruwan mu, ko da babu komai a can. Gara in mutu a gida. ''

A cikin wannan hoton da aka ba da sunansa, Mearag Michiele, ɗan shekara 2, daga Adigrat, yana jinyar rashin abinci mai gina jiki a Asibitin Referral da ke Mekele, a yankin Tigray na arewacin Habasha, Litinin, 4 ga Oktoba, 2021. A babban birnin yankin Mekele, shekara guda Yakin basasa da watanni na tilastawa gwamnati ta bar birnin na mutane rabin miliyan tare da raguwa cikin sauri na abinci, man fetur, magunguna da tsabar kuɗi. (Hoton AP)
Mearag Michiele, 2, daga Adigrat, ana kula da shi saboda rashin abinci mai gina jiki a Asibitin Referral da ke Mekele. (Hoton AP)

Bishop na Katolika a garin Adigrat ya gaya masa yara takwas sun mutu a asibiti a can, in ji shi.

Firist, ɗan shekara 70 kuma mai ciwon sukari, yanzu yana kallon yadda magani ke raguwa. Ruhohin ikilisiyarsa ma. Tare da tsabar kuɗi a Tigray sun ƙare, farantin tarawa ba a wucewa a Mass. Gurasar yin tarayya za ta ƙare nan ba da daɗewa ba.

“Ko da na tsira, zan yi wa’azi a inda babu kowa idan duk mutane sun halaka?” Ya tambaya. "Fata kawai shine, a bayyana gaskiya, wadannan mutanen dole su daina fada su tattauna don samun dawwamammen zaman lafiya."

 

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